An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”
Permanent Link for Entry #11010
Crania Aegyptiaca: or, observations on Egyptian ethnography, derived from anatomy, history and the monuments. From the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. IX.Philadelphia: John Pennington & London: Madden & Co., 1844.
Morton argued that blacks and whites had been racially distinct since the Egyptian First Dynasty and drew the following conclusions, long since debunked:
"1. The valley of the Nile, both in Egypt and in Nubia, was originally peopled by a branch of the Caucasian race.
"2. These primeval people, since called Egyptians, were the Mizairmites of Scripture, the poster ity of Ham, and directly affiliated with the Libyan family of nations.
"3. In their physical character the Egyptians were intermediate between the indo-European and Semitic races.
..."8. Negroes were numerous in Egypt, but their social position in ancient times was the same as it now is, that of servants and slaves" (pp. 65-66).
Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology, ANTHROPOLOGY › Ethnology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt