The first comprehensive presentation of the ancient evidence for the achievements of Herophilus and his school, including edited versions of all original Greek and Latin texts plus English translations, with in-depth commentaries. In most cases these are the first English translations of the texts concerned. Considered the first anatomist, Herophilus was the first scientist to perform scientific dissections of human cadavers. He recorded his findings in over nine works, none of which survived. He was an early pioneer of the scientific method. Together with Erasistratus, he is regarded as a founder of the medical school of Alexandria.