An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16018 entries, 14076 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 14, 2024

ABU MANSUR MUVAFFAK HARAWI (Persian: ابو منصور موفق هروی‎)

3 entries
  • 1788

Liber fundamentorum pharmacologiae. Auctore Abu Mansur Mowafik ben Ali al Herui. Epitome codicis manuscripti persici Bibl. caes. reg. Vienn. inediti. Primus Latio donavit Romeo Seligmann. 2 vols.

Vienna: Antonius Nob. de Schmid, 18301833.

The most important early Persian pharmacological work, first published in print in Latin translation. Muvaffak flourished in Herat (current Afghanistan), under the Samanid prince Mansur I ibn Nuh, who ruled from 961 to 976. He was apparently the first to think of compiling a treatise on materia medica in Persian; to obtain the information he travelled extensively in Persia and India. Between 968 and 977 CE he wrote the Book of the Remedies (Kitab al-abnyia 'an Haqa'iq al-adwiya), the oldest prose work in modern Persian. It deals with 585 remedies (of which 466 are derived from plants, 75 from minerals, 44 from animals), classified into four groups according to their action. The above epitome was taken from a MS of 1055 CE, one of the oldest surviving texts in Persian. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. A German version appeared in 1893 under the direction of R. Robert.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Afghanistan, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 8581

Die pharmakologischen Grundsätze (Liber fundamentorum pharmacologiae) des Abu Mansur Muwaffak bin Ali Harawi zum estern Male nach dem Urtex übersetzt und mit Erklärungen versehen von Abdul-Chalig Achundow aus Baku. (aus Bd. 3 (1893) der Historischen Studien aus dem pharmakologischen Institute der Kaiserlichen Universität Dorpat). 2 vols.

Halle: Tausch & Grosse, 1893.

First translation into a modern language.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY
  • 8582

Kitab al-Abniya to Haqayiq al-adwiya ["The principles of the real character of medicinal plants"]. (Rawdat al-wa Us Manfaat al-nafs)[ By] Abu Mansur Muwaffaq bin Ali al-Hirawi. 5th AH Century. Facsimile Copy of the original manuscript AF 340. Austrian National Library, Vienna. Transcribed by Alī bin Ahmad Asadī Tūsī. Copied 447 Hijri. Persian Introduction: Iraj Afshar and Ali Ashraf Sadeghi. English Introduction: Bert G. Fragner / Nosratollah Rastegar, Karl Holubar, Eva Irblich and Mahmoud Omidsalar.

Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, 2009.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY