An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16018 entries, 14076 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 14, 2024

CELSUS, Aulus Aurelius Cornelius

3 entries
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De medicina. Ed: Bartholomaeus Fontius.

Florence: Nicolaus Laurentii, Alamanus, 1478.

De Medicina is the oldest Western medical document after the Hippocratic writings. Written about 30 CE, it remains the greatest medical treatise from ancient Rome, and the first Western history of medicine. Celsus’s superb literary style won him the title of Cicero medicorum. De medicina deals with diseases treated by diet and regimen and with those amenable to drugs and surgery. The surgical chapters contain the first accounts of the use of ligature, excellent descriptions of lateral lithotomy and herniotomy, and the earliest discussion of the surgical remedies for mutilations -- what we now call plastic surgery, including plastic operations for restoration of the nose, lips, eyelids, ears, etc. Celsus also included numerous important contributions to dentistry, including some of the earliest Western accounts of the treatment of toothache, oral surgery, tooth extraction, and fractures of the jaw.

The text of De Medicina seems to have been neglected at some point during the Middle Ages, and when it was no longer copied, it was eventually lost. A copy was discovered in Milan in 1443. ISTC no. ic00364000. Digital facsimile from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, DENTISTRY, History of Medicine: General Works, NUTRITION / DIET, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Hernia, UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 8927

A. Cornelius Celsus. Of Medicine. In eight books. Translated with notes critical and explanatory by James Grieve.

London: Printed for D.Wilson and T. Durham, 1756.

First English translation of Celsus De medicina. That it was translated into English for the first time in the mid-eighteenth century is a reflection of the use of Latin as the international language of medicine and science well through the end of the 18th century. Digital facsimile from The Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 21

De medicina. With an English translation by W.G. Spencer. 3 vols.

London: Heinemann, 19351938.

Loeb Classical Library. Text in Latin and English. This edition is based on the scholarly text of F. Marx published as Corpus Medicorum Latinorum I, Leipzig, 1915.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire