An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16018 entries, 14076 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 14, 2024

TRAFZER, Clifford E.

5 entries
  • 12092

Medicine ways: Disease, health and survival among native Americans. Edited by Clifford E. Trafzer and Diane E. Weiner.

Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2001.


Subjects: NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 12095

Forgotten voices: Death records of the Yakama, 1888-1964.

Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2009.

"Despite a recent resurgence in studies of death and disease in native peoples of the Western Hemisphere, little work has been done on death and disease in Native Americans during the reservation period of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Forgotten Voices: Death Records of the Yakama, 1888-1964 begins a discussion of the health of the people on the Yakama Reservation in Washington using statistical data. This is the first detailed work that focuses on the causes of death on American Indian reservations. It contains an extensive introduction to Yakama history and lifestyle, and tables that present statistical information on the major causes of death. Each chapter highlights a different cause of death on the Yakama Reservation, including

• Tuberculosis
• Pneumonia
• Heart Disease
• Gastrointestinal Problems
• Influenza
• Cancer
• Birth Complications
• Old Age
• Stroke" (publisher)



Subjects: DEATH & DYING › Mortality Statistics, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Washington
  • 12096

American Indian medicine ways: Spiritual power, prophets, and healing. Edited by Clifford E. Trafzer.

Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 2017.

"Indigenous people of wisdom have offered prayers of power, protection, and healing since the dawn of time. From Wovoka, the Ghost Dance prophet, to contemporary healer Kenneth Coosewoon, medicine people have called on the spiritual world to help humans in their relationships with each other and the natural world. Many American Indians—past and present—have had the ability to use power to access wisdom, knowledge, and spiritual understanding.

"This groundbreaking collection provides fascinating stories of wisdom, spiritual power, and forces within tribal communities that have influenced the past and may influence the future. Through discussions of omens, prophecies, war, peace, ceremony, ritual, and cultural items such as masks, prayer sticks, sweat lodges, and peyote, this volume offers examples of the ways in which Native American beliefs in spirits have been and remain a fundamental aspect of history and culture. Drawing from written and oral sources, the book offers readers a greater understanding of creation narratives, oral histories, and songs that speak of healers, spirits, and power from tribes across the North American continent" (publisher).



Subjects: NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 12094

Fighting invisible enemies: Health and medical transitions among Southern California Indians.

Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2019.

"Native Americans long resisted Western medicine--but had less power to resist the threat posed by Western diseases. And so, as the Office of Indian Affairs reluctantly entered the business of health and medicine, Native peoples reluctantly began to allow Western medicine into their communities. Fighting Invisible Enemies traces this transition among inhabitants of the Mission Indian Agency of Southern California from the late nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century.

"What historian Clifford E. Trafzer describes is not so much a transition from one practice to another as a gradual incorporation of Western medicine into Indian medical practices. Melding indigenous and medical history specific to Southern California, his book combines statistical information and documents from the federal government with the oral narratives of several tribes. Many of these oral histories--detailing traditional beliefs about disease causation, medical practices, and treatment--are unique to this work, the product of the author's close and trusted relationships with tribal elders.

"Trafzer examines the years of interaction that transpired before Native people allowed elements of Western medicine and health care into their lives, homes, and communities. Among the factors he cites as impelling the change were settler-borne diseases, the negative effects of federal Indian policies, and the sincere desire of both Indians and agency doctors and nurses to combat the spread of disease. Here we see how, unlike many encounters between Indians and non-Indians in Southern California, this cooperative effort proved positive and constructive, resulting in fewer deaths from infectious diseases, especially tuberculosis" (publisher).



Subjects: NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California
  • 13271

Strong hearts and healing hands: Southern California Indians and field nurses, 1920-1950.

Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 2021.


Subjects: NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, NURSING › History of Nursing, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California