An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16011 entries, 14068 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: June 19, 2024

MOERMAN, Daniel Ellis

3 entries
  • 7869

Native American ethnobotany.

Portland, OR: Timber Press, 1998.

Considered the definitive book on the subject documenting over 4,000 plants and roughly 44,000 uses, including medicinal usage.

Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 10194

Meaning, medicine and the "placebo effect".

Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

"Moerman places the words "Placebo effect" in quotations because he believes that the placebo effect should be redefined. A placebo, he explains is inert. It has no causal effect. A more appropriate definition of the placebo effect he asserts is the "meaning response."

"It is because of our beliefs and the meaning we assocate with a placebo that determines its effectiveness. Despite this simple formula for determining who will respond to a placebo, it is not a very good predictor for a given individual at a given time. Studies show that there is no method to determine which individuals will respond to a placebo. Attempts have been made to remove placebo responders from studies. Occasionally, researchers will conduct a precursor trial run with a completely unrelated substance to indentify those who might respond to a placebo in an effort to cull these responders from the "real study". These attempts have been futile.

"No reliable indicators have ever been found that identify individual placebo responders. In fact, a person who responds to a placebo in one study has no increased likely hood of responding to a placebo in subsequent studies. More remarkably, if one eliminates the approximately one third of the populace who initially respond to a given placebo, the remaining group will contain about the same proportion of responders in subsequent studies" (David J. Kreiter).

Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE › Placebo / Nocebo
  • 9669

Native American ethnobotany. A database of plants used as drugs, foods, dyes, fibers, and more, by native peoples of North America.

Dearborn, MI: University of Michigan, 2003.


"As noted, In the spring of 2003, substantial revisions of the database were made, revising its looks, and adding links to the US Department of Agriculture PLANTS database. This means that complete botanical information on useful plants, plus pictures, range maps, and endangered status, are immediately available.

The online database, and the book mentioned above, were largely completed in the late 1990s. The database now contains 44,691 items. This version added foods, drugs, dyes, fibers and other uses of plants (a total of over 44,000 items). This represents uses by 291 Native American groups of 4,029 species from 243 different plant families. About half of them are medicinal. . . ." (, accessed 02-2018).


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Online Access Catalogues & Bibliographic Databases, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine