CLOQUET, Jules Germain
Paris: Méquignon-Marvis, 1817.
This is Cloquet’s medical thesis. It was followed by his thesis in competition for head of the anatomy section of the Paris Faculty: Recherches sur les causes et l’anatomie des hernies abdominales. Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1819. Marcy (No. 3601) considered Cloquet’s work to be in the class of Cooper and Scarpa. Cloquet's 1817 work was illustrated with plates engraved by his father. The lithographed plates in the work of 1819 were drawn on stone by Cloquet himself, and are among the earliest lithographed medical illustrations. See No. 409. Digital facsimile of the 1817 work, followed by the 1819 work, from the Internet Archive at this link.
Subjects: Illustration, Biomedical, SURGERY: General › Hernia
Anatomie de l’homme, ou descriptions et figures lithographiées de toutes les parties du corps humain. 5 vols.Paris: Imprimerie lithographique de C. Lasteyrie, Imprimerie de Rignous [Vols. 1-2] & Imprimerie lithographique de M. Engelmann et Compagnie, chez M. de Comte de Lasteyrie, Imprimerie de A. Belin [Vols. 3-5], 1821 – 1831.
The first anatomical atlas illustrated by lithography, containing 300 plates in folio format. This was one of the most elaborate of the lithographic “incunabula” produced by Charles Philibert de Lasteyrie, one of the pioneer lithographers in France. In planning this atlas Cloquet intended to exploit the faster production speed resulting new technology of printing by lithography; however, no matter how fast the plates could be drawn on stone, the publication in fascicles or parts was inevitably delayed by time required to do the dissections and prepare the original drawings. Jules began his career as an apprentice to his father, J.B.A. Cloquet, an artist and engraver and art teacher, and went to medical school after working as a wax-modeler for the Paris Faculty of Medicine. Jules illustrated his own doctoral thesis on hernia, and what was more unusual, he also drew the plates on stone for the lithographic reproductions in the version of his thesis that was commercially published in 1819. For this large anatomical atlas Jules and his artist sister, Lise, created the drawings for approximately 150 plates that were original for the work. The remaining 150 plates not after drawings by the Cloquets were copied from publications by William Hunter, Soemmerring, Tiedemann, Haller, Walter, Mascagni, Charles Bell, Scarpa, and others. There were more than 3000 separate figures on the 300 plates in the complete atlas. The art was drawn on stone by Haincelin, Feillet and Dubourjal. The lithographs were printed at the presses of de Lasteyrie, Godefroy Engelmann (the other pioneer lithographer in France), and Brigeaut, a workman at de Lasteyrie's press who set up his own shop.
A few copies of the second edition in reduced quarto format, (Paris, 1825-), were issued with the plates hand-colored.
Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ART & Medicine & Biology
Paris: Béchet jeune, 1826.
As adjunct chief surgeon at the Hôpital St. Louis, Cloquet had an ample number of patients at his disposal, and he was able to test acupuncture on upwards of 300 cases with mostly beneficial results. Cloquet did not publish his researches; it was left to Cloquet's student Dantu, who had assisted him in his acupuncture trials, to present the results of Cloquet's investigations to the public. Lu & Needham, Celestial Lancets, p. 355. Digital facsimile from the Bibliothèque interuniversitaire de santé (Paris) at this link.
Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Acupuncture (Western References), PAIN / Pain Management