An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16018 entries, 14076 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 14, 2024

PAULING, Linus Carl

6 entries
  • 6914

The nature of the chemical bond and the structure of molecules and crystals: An introduction to modern structural chemistry.

Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1939.

This book set forth in detail Pauling's valence-bond theory based on the quantum-mechanical concept of resonance between two energy states, which led to his highly innovative idea that the hybridization of orbitals (electron waves) between atoms is what makes molecular structure possible. Pauling’s work “taught a couple of generations of chemists that the sizes and electrical charges of atoms determine exactly [emphasis mine] their arrangement in molecules” (Judson, The Eighth Day of Creation, p. 57). For further information see the entry at HistoryofInformation.com at this link.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, Chemistry
  • 3154.1

Sickle cell anemia, a molecular disease.

Science, 110, 543-48, 1949.

First recognition, by Pauling and colleagues, of a structural hemoglobin variant, and the beginning of the molecular approach to disease. 



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, BLACK PEOPLE & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Sickle-Cell Disease, HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 6846

The structure of proteins: Two hydrogen-bonded configurations of the polypeptide chain.

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 37, 205-11, 1951.

Pauling, his crystallographer R. B. Corey, and African-American physicist and chemist H.R. Branson announced the α-helix, a principal structural feature of proteins. Digital facsimile from the National Academy of Sciences at this link.

In 1954 Pauling was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances." See also Nos. 6914, 3154.1, 13298.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Protein Crystallization, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Protein Structure, BLACK PEOPLE & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, NOBEL PRIZES › Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 13298

The pleated sheet, a new layer configuration of polypeptide chains.

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA), 37, 251-256, 1951.

Pauling and Corey discovered the β-sheet, a principal structural feature of proteins. Digital facsimile from PNAS.org at this link



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Protein Structure
  • 12890

Linus Pauling: Selected scientific papers. Vol. 1: Physical sciences. Vol. 2: Biomolecular sciences. Edited by Barclay Kamb, Linda Pauling Kamb, Peter Jeffress Pauling, Alexander Kamb, Linus Pauling, Jr.

Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co., 2001.


Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, Chemistry, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 13094

The Pauling catalogue. Ava Helen and Linus Pauling papers at Oregon State University. Edited by Christoffer Petersen and Cliff Mead. 6 vols.

Corvallis, Oregon: Valley Library Special Collections, Oregon State University Libraries, 2006.

Vol. 1. Timeline, correspondence, publications, manuscripts & typescripts of articles, speechs, and books.
Vol. 2. Science, Research Notebooks. 1917 Linus Pauling Diary.
Vol. 3. Peace, Ava Helen Pauling, travel, honors, awards, citations, diplomas and other recognitions.
Vol. 4. Biographical
Vol. 5. Audio/Visual, photographs, and Images
Vol. 6. Newspaper clippings, magazine and journal articles, personal library.

Linus Pauling received the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize "for his fight against the nuclear arms race between East and West."



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, BIOCHEMISTRY › History of Biochemistry, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › History of Molecular Biology, NOBEL PRIZES › Nobel Peace Prize