An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16018 entries, 14076 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 14, 2024

KELTON, Paul

3 entries
  • 7506

Epidemics and enslavement: Biological catastrophe in the native Southeast, 1492-1715,

Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2007.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Southeast, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 7504

Cherokee medicine, colonial germs: An indigenous nation’s fight against smallpox, 1518–1824.

Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2015.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Southeast, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox › History of Smallpox, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 10341

Beyond germs: Native depopulation in North America. Edited by Catherine M. Cameron, Paul Kelton, and Alan C. Swedlund.

Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 2015.

This book "challenges the “virgin soil” hypothesis that was used for decades to explain the decimation of the indigenous people of North America. This hypothesis argues that the massive depopulation of the New World was caused primarily by diseases brought by European colonists that infected Native populations lacking immunity to foreign pathogens. In Beyond Germs, contributors expertly argue that blaming germs lets Europeans off the hook for the enormous number of Native American deaths that occurred after 1492.

"Archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians come together in this --- volume to report a wide variety of other factors in the decline in the indigenous population, including genocide, forced labor, and population dislocation. These factors led to what the editors describe in their introduction as “systemic structural violence” on the Native populations of North America" (publisher).



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences