An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15951 entries, 13922 authors and 1934 subjects. Updated: November 30, 2023

CANNON, Walter Bradford

11 entries
  • 2687.1
  • 3519

The movements of the stomach studied by means of the Roentgen rays.

Amer. J. Physiol., 1, 359-82, 1898.

Cannon introduced the bismuth meal. He showed that bismuth, opaque to x rays, could be of great use in conjunction with roentgenology in the investigation of the digestive tract. See No. 1029.

  • 12457

Auscultation of the rhythmic sounds produced by the stomach and intestines.

Amer. J. Physiol., 14, 339-353, 1905.
Cannon reported on the rhythmic sounds made by the GI tract, mostly basing his observations on his own abdomen. This may be the first serous study of this topic.

Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 1029

The mechanical factors of digestion.

London: E. Arnold & Co., 1911.

Summarized research begun in 1896. See No. 3519.

Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 1124

Bodily changes in pain, hunger, fear, and rage. An account of recent researches into the function of emotional excitement.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1915.

Observation of the effect of strong emotions on gastrointestinal motility (No. 1029) led Cannon to examination of the sympathetic nervous system and its emergency function. Cannon showed the close connexion between the endocrine glands and the emotions.

  • 3848

Experimental hyperthyroidism.

Amer. J. Physiol., 36, 363-64, 1915.

First successful experimental production of exophthalmic goitre. With C. A. L. Binger and R. Fitz.

Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 11567

Traumatic shock.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1923.

"In the fall of 1916, before the United States entered World War I, the National Research Council named Cannon a member of a committee on traumatic shock. Later he joined the Harvard University Hospital Unit. On his way to France in May 1917, he stopped in London and arranged with Fletcher, first secretary of the Medical Research Committee, to join the group of physicians and surgeons of the British Expeditionary Forces who were dealing with shock cases at the Casualty Clearing Station at Béthune. . . . Initially Cannon and his associates in the field concentrated their therapeutic efforts on treating the acidosis that accompanies shock. Later they recognized that the acidosis was merely a secondary phenomenon, the result of the inadequacy of tissue perfusion. In 1923 Cannon summarized his wartime experience in Traumatic Shock" (Dictionary of Scientific Biography).

  • 1346

Studies on conditions of activity in endocrine organs. xxvi. A hormone produced by sympathetic action on smooth muscle.

Amer. J. Physiol. 96, 392-412, 1931.

Cannon and Bacq suggested the name “sympathin” for a substance which they considered to be liberated into the blood stream following nerve stimulation and which acted in the same manner as sympathetic impulses. See also No. 1350.

Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Chemical Mediation of Nervous Impulses
  • 664

The wisdom of the body.

New York: Norton & Co, 1932.

A discussion of the regulation of body fluids, hunger, thirst, temperature, oxygen supply, water, sugar, and proteins of the body, and the role of the sympathetic-adrenal mechanism.

  • 1350

Studies on conditions of activity in endocrine organs, xxix. Sympathin E and sympathin I.

Amer. J. Physiol. 104, 557-74, 1933.

Adrenaline and sympathin were suggested to be unidentical substances, and Cannon and Rosenblueth proposed the terms “sympathin E” and “sympathin I”.

Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Chemical Mediation of Nervous Impulses
  • 1580

The story of the development of our ideas of chemical mediation of nerve impulses.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 188, 145-59, 1934.

Subjects: NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 1354

Autonomic neuro-effector systems.

New York: Macmillan, 1937.

The authors hypothesized the existence of two sympathins, one excitatory and the other inhibitory, now known as epinephrine and norepinephrine. See Nos. 1144 & 1350.

Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Chemical Mediation of Nervous Impulses