An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16011 entries, 14068 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: June 22, 2024

GARDNER, Andrew Duncan

2 entries
  • 1934

Penicillin as a chemotherapeutic agent.

Lancet, 2, 226-28, 1940.

Proof of the therapeutic action in vivo of penicillin against streptococcal and other bacterial infections. Building upon Fleming’s work (No. 1933 and 10784), the consequences of which had originally been widely unappreciated, even by Fleming himself, Chain and his co-workers concentrated penicillin and showed that it was probably the most effective chemotherapeutic drug known, and that it was relatively non-toxic. This led to mass production of the drug, which has saved untold millions of lives. Biography of Florey by G. Macfarlane, 1979.

In 1945 Chain and Florey shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Fleming "for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases."



Subjects: NOBEL PRIZES › Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 1934.1

Further observations on penicillin.

Lancet, 2, 177-89, 1941.

First report of the chemotherapeutic action of penicillin on humans (10 cases). 



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin