An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16018 entries, 14076 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 23, 2024

Browse by Entry Number 13300–13399

99 entries
  • 13300

A series of anatomical plates. 5 vols.: The muscles of the human body. The vessels of the human body. The nerves of the human body. The viscera of the human body. The bones and ligaments of the human body.

London: Taylor & Walton, 18361842.

The most ambitious 19th century English anatomy illustrated by lithography. Some copies were issued with hand-colored plates.  The five volumes, containing a total of 201 plates, describe the muscles, blood vessels, nerves, viscera, and bones and ligaments. Wilson designed the plates for this work, and signed some of them, but the plates were actually drawn by other artists, including J. Walsh and William Bagg, a portrait painter in London. Wilson also co-edited the second through fifth volumes. The section on the anatomy of the nerves is especially notable, with thirty-eight plates, including ten elegant colored plates of the brain and spinal cord, and a stunning colored plate showing the distribution of the eighth pair of nerves.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Cytoarchitecture
  • 13301

Traité d'anatomie chirurgicale, ou anatomie des régions, considérée dans ses rapports avec la chirurgie; ouvrage orné de quatorze planches représentant les principales régions du corps. 2 vols.

Paris: Chez Crevot, 1825.

Some copies were issued with the plates hand-colored. Digital facsimile of a black & white copy from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Surgical Anatomy
  • 13302

Surgical anatomy.

London: John Churchill, 1851.

"The drawings of Maclise for Quain's Anatomy of the arteries and for his own Surgical anatomy are indeed done, as Quain wrote, with spirit and effect. These figures of anatomical dissection seem lifelike; in many plates the figure is shown as a torso, or a bust, or as a full-or half-length figure. The faces seem to be a gallery of portraits, perhaps of visitors to the 1851 Great Exhibition. They are mostly young men with fine hair-bearded, clean-shaven, or mustachioed, with or without sideburns; occasionally there are remarkably handsome black men. Many appear god-like. This is indeed 'high' art, only incidentally of an anatomical subject. If the analogy is not too far-fetched, Maclise's drawing may be compared with the work in different media of the English Romantic poets or of the composer Berlioz. The same comparisons have been made in relation to the work of the Victorian artist Daniel Maclise (1806-70), Joseph Maclise's older brother. They remained close, traveling in Italy together, and sharing houses in Bloomsbury and Chelsea" (Roberts & Tomlinson p. 564) Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Surgical Anatomy, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 13303

Islamic medical ethics in the twentieth century.

Leiden: Brill, 1993.

Treats the most prominent issues in medical ethics in the twentieth century, such as abortion, artificial insemination, organ transplantation, euthanasia, as discussed by Muslim religious scholars, physicians and jurists.

Subjects: Ethics, Biomedical, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › Islamic Medicine
  • 13304

Disability in Islamic law.

Dordrecht: Springer, 2007.

Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › Islamic Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 13305

Jewish magic and superstition: A study in folk religion.

New York: Behrman's Jewish Book House, 1939.

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 13306

Magicians, theologians and doctors: Studies in folk-medicine and folk-lore as reflected in the rabbinical Responsa (12th-19th centuries).

London: Goldston, 1952.

Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Folk Medicine, Jews and Medicine › History of Jews and Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine
  • 13307

R. Moshe Narboni: Philosopher and physician, a critical analysis of Sefer Orah Hayyim by Gerrit Bos.

Medieval Encounters 1, 2, 219-251, 1995.

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine
  • 13308

The people's medical lighthouse; a series of popular and scientific essays on the nature, uses, and diseases of the lungs, heart, liver, stomach, kidneys, womb and blood; also a key to the causes, prevention, remedies, and cure of pumonary and other kinds of consumption;....Marriage guide....

New York: Published by the Proprietor, 1852.

One of the more comprehensive American works on popular medicine from the mid-19th century, frequently reprinted. The author, who published the work himself from his address in New York City, describes himself as A.M., M.D. The book includes useful information on diseases of occupations, including printers and typesetters, some useful information on birth control, as well as the then standard misconceptions that masturbation was a disease. The illustrations include several cartoon-like efforts to explain medical concepts to laymen. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.

Subjects: Contraception , OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , Popularization of Medicine, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 13309

Novel medical and general Hebrew terminology from the 13th century. Translations by Hillel Ben Samuel of Verona, Moses Ben Samuel Ibn Tibbon, Shem Tov Ben Isaac of Tortosa, Zeraḥyah Ben Isaac Ben She’altiel Ḥen. Journal of Semitic Studies Supplement 27.

Oxford: Oxford University Press on behalf of the University of Manchester, 2011.

Subjects: Dictionaries, Biomedical, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine
  • 13310

Maimonides, Medical aphorisms, Hebrew translation by R. Zerahyah ben Isaac ben She'altiel Hen. By Gerrit Bos. (The medical works of Moses Maimonides, Vol. 16.)

Leiden: Brill, 2020.

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine
  • 13311

The great age of the microscope: The collection of the Royal Microscopical Society through 150 years.

Bristol & New York: A. Hilger, 1989.

Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Microscope, Microscopy › History of Microscopy
  • 13312

God bless the microscope! A history of the Royal Microscopical Society over 150 years.

London: Royal Microscopical Society, 1989.

Subjects: Microscopy › History of Microscopy
  • 13313

Quan ti xin lun [New Treatise Concerning the Whole Body.]

Canton, China, 1851.

The earliest treatise on Western medicine published in Chinese for the use of Chinese medical staff. The work primarily concerns anatomy and physiology, with most illustrations derived from Cheselden's Anatomy of the human body and his Osteographia. In his “Note to the Foreign Reader” Hobson stated: “This is an humble attempt to put the interesting and well established truths of Human Physiology into Chinese and illustrate them to a small extent by Comparative anatomy. The work is divided into three parts… The last chapter contains a short account of the history of man, varieties of colour, height &c. and concludes with remarks upon his moral nature, and proofs of the unity, wisdom, and design of God in creation […] The diagrams, taken from various sources, have been drawn in transfer paper (the greater part by a kind friend) and lithographed and printed at the press attached to the Hospital […] The work is printed from wooden blocks after the Chinese style, and can throw off several thousand impressions. The first issue is 1200.” 

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, Chinese Medicine
  • 13314

System of surgical anatomy. Part first [all published]: On the structure of the groin, pelvis, and perineum. As connected with inguinal and femoral hernia; Tyeing the iliac arteries; and the operation of lithotomy. Illustrated by nine copper-plate engravings. By William Anderson

New York: J. & J. Harper for James V. Seaman, 1822.

Anderson trained at the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh, emigrated to America in 1820 and, after delivering a series of anatomical lectures in New York under the patronage of Valentine Mott, became affiliated with the Vermont Academy of Medicine (see Kelly, American Medical Biographies,1920). This work, intended to supplement his anatomical lectures, is notable for the nine anatomical plates, all engraved by A.B. [Asher Brown] Durand, including four engraved from Durand's original illustrations. These are quite early works by Durand, who achieved his first prominence as the engraver of John Trumbull's edition of the Declaration of Independence (1823) and later great renown as a landscape painter of the Hudson River School.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ART & Medicine & Biology, SURGERY: General › Hernia, UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 13315

Governing the health care state: A comparative study of the United Kingdom, the United States, and Germany.

Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.

"This book represents the first comparative study of how health policy is made in leading industrial nations. Using detailed case histories of the UK, the US and Germany, it shows that health care systems and modern states are indissolubly bound together. The author explains how the health care state originated before the rise of democracy, and demonstrates that it has had to confront the twin pressures of democratic politics and competitive capitalism. It focuses on three important arenas of health care politics--the government of consumption, the government of doctors, and the government of medical technology--and illustrates how these three arenas intersect" (publisher).

  • 13316

The epigenotype.

Endeavour 1, 18-20, 1942.

Waddington coined the term epigenetics: "For the purpose of a study of inheritance, the relation between phenotypes and genotypes [...] is, from a wider biological point of view, of crucial importance, since it is the kernel of the whole problem of development. Many geneticists have recognized this and attempted to discover the processes involved in the mechanism by which the genes of the genotype bring about phenotypic effects. The first step in such an enterprise is – or rather should be, since it is often omitted by those with an undue respect for the powers of reason – to describe what can be seen of the developmental processes. For enquiries of this kind, the word 'phenogenetics' was coined by Haecker [1918, Phänogenetik]. The second and more important part of the task is to discover the causal mechanisms at work, and to relate them as far as possible to what experimental embryology has already revealed of the mechanics of development. We might use the name 'epigenetics' for such studies, thus emphasizing their relation to the concepts, so strongly favourable to the classical theory of epigenesis, which have been reached by the experimental embryologists. We certainly need to remember that between genotype and phenotype, and connecting them to each other, there lies a whole complex of developmental processes. It is convenient to have a name for this complex: 'epigenotype' seems suitable."

Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › Epigenetics
  • 13317

Valuing health care: Costs, benefits, and effectiveness of pharmaceuticals and other medical technologies. Edited by Frank A. Sloan.

New York & Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

  • 13318

The benefits of medical research and the role of the NIH.

Washington, DC: Joint Economic Committee, U.S. Senate, 2000.

According to Senator Mack's report, the economic costs of illness in the U.S. were approximately $3 trillion annually, representing 31% of the nation’s GDP. This included “direct” costs of public and private health care spending of $1.3 trillion, and “indirect” illness costs from reduced ability to work and premature death of $1.7 trillion. Available from at this link.

  • 13319

The delivery of regenerative medicines and their impact on healthcare. Edited by Catherine D. Prescott and Dame Julia Polak.

Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2011.

Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, POLICY, HEALTH, Regenerative Medicine
  • 13320

Una biblioteca ejemplar: Tesoros de la Colección Francisco Guerra en la Biblioteca Complutense. By Marta Torres Santo Domingo.

Madrid: Ollero y Ramos: Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 2007.

Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 13321

Religiosa hospitalidad por los hijos del piadoso coripheo patriarcha y padre de pobres S. Iuan Ð Dios en su provincia de S. Raphael de las Islas Philipinas: Compendio substancial de su fundacion progressos y estado presente que en sucinto informatibo estilo...

Granada: Joseph de la Puerta, 1742.

Maldonado de Puga, a member of the Order of San Juan Hospitalier founded in 1572, reported on the introduction and practice of Western medicine in the Philippines, the foundation of hospitals and the relationship between medicine and the Church in the Spanish colony.

  • 13322

La medicina en el exilio republicano.

Alcalá de Henares: Universidad de Alcala de Henares, 2003.

Biographies of more than one thousand exiled veterinarians, dentists, clinicians, and pharmacists who, like Guerra, left Spain after the Civil War of 1936-39.

Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain
  • 13323

Quinología o Tratado del árbol de la quina ó cascarilla:con su descripción y la de otras especies de quinos nuevamente descubiertas en el Perú....

Madrid: En la Oficina de la viuda é hijo de Marin, 1792.

Ruiz, a Spanish pharmacist and botanist, was appointed director of the Expedición Botánica al Virreinato del Perú, during which he traveled extensively through Chile and Peru along with botanists José Pavón and Joseph Dombey. In 1801 Ruiz co-authored a supplementary work on a new species of cinchona with José Pavón: Suplemento a la quinología: en el qual [sic] se aumentan las especies de quina nuevamente descubiertas en el Perú por Don Juan Tafalla y la quina naranjada de Santa Fe con su estampa:añádese la respuesta a la memoria de las quinas de Santa Fe que insertó Don Francisco Zea en los Anales de Historia Natural, y la satisfación a los reparos o dudas del ciudadano Jussieu sobre los géneros del pródromo de la flora del Perú y Chile.  Digital facsimile of the 1792 work from Google Books at this link, and of the Suplemento at this link

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Chile, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark › Quinine
  • 13324

An illustration of the genus cinchona; comprising descriptions of all the officinal Peruvian barks, including several new species. Baron de Humboldt's Account of the Cinchona forests of South America, and Laubert's Memoir on the different species of quinquina: To which are added several dissertations of Don Hippolito Ruiz on various medicinal plants of South America ... And a short account of the spikenard of the ancients.

London: Printed for J. Searle, 1821.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark › Quinine
  • 13325

The journals of Hippolito Ruiz: Spanish botanist in Peru and Chile, 1777-1788. Translated by Richard Evans Schultes and Maria José Nemry von Thenen de Jarmillo-Arango.

Portland, OR: Timber Press, 1998.

Subjects: BOTANY › History of Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Chile, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 13326

Flora Peruviana, et Chilensis, sive, descriptiones et icones plantarum Peruvianarum, et Chilensium, secundum systema Linnaeanum digestae, cum characteribus plurium generum evulgatorum reformatis. 3 vols.

Madrid: Typis Gabrielis de Sancha, 17981802.

The authors originally intended this work resulting from their researches conducted during the Expedición Botánica al Virreinato del Perú to be published in 8 vols., and by later design in 12. However, only the first 3 volumes were published, the others remaining in manuscript; the 100 plates to accompany v. 4 and also some for v. 5 were prepared. The manuscript of the entire work is preserved in the Jardin botánico de Madrid. cf. Colmeiro.

The text and plates for v. 4-5 were published in Anales del Instituto Botánico A.J. Cavanilles, v. 12-16, 1954-1959--Stafleu. Digital facsimile of the 3 vols. originally published and plates 1-325 from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

  • 13327

The herbarium of Aylmer Bourke Lambert: Notes on Its acquisition, dispersal, and present whereabouts,

Taxon, 19, 489-553, 1970.

"Lambert acquired a number of significant herbarium collections including those of Johann Reinhold ForsterArchibald Menzies and Henry de Ponthieu.[2] He also amassed a large collection of specimens and drawings from Australia in the era immediately following the arrival of the First Fleet. Contributors included Governor Arthur Phillip, Surgeon-General John WhiteColonel William PatersonMajor Robert RossMajor Francis Grose and Philip Gidley King.[3]

"Lambert's collection of 50,000 preserved plant specimens,[1] along with his extensive library, was consulted by authors and botanists including Robert Brown, De Candolle, Martius, George Don and David Don.[1] It was auctioned following his death in 317 lots and specimens can be found in botanical collections around the world" (Wikipedia article on Alymer Bourke Lambert, accessed 7-2021).

Digital facsimile from jstor at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › History of Botany
  • 13328

Bound feet.

Boston, MA: Warren Press, 1938.

The author was assistant superintendent of Massachusetts Memorial Hospitals in Boston and Assistant Professor of Tropical Diseases at Boston University School of Medicine. His book is part travelogue and part memoir of his experiences as a western physicians treating patients in China. Powell's book was probably the first work by a physician to concern the Chinese practice of foot binding.

Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Cultural Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, Podiatry
  • 13329

Instincts of the herd in peace and war.

London: T. Fisher Unwin Ltd, 1916.

Trotter, a surgeon, also contributed to social psychology. In this work he popularized in English the concept, first developed by French sociologist, Gustave Le Bon, of an instinct over-riding the will of the individual in favor of the group. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Social Psychology
  • 13330

Psychologie des foules.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1895.

"Le Bon theorised that the new entity, the "psychological crowd", which emerges from incorporating the assembled population not only forms a new body but also creates a collective "unconsciousness". As a group of people gather together and coalesces to form a crowd, there is a "magnetic influence given out by the crowd" that transmutes every individual's behaviour until it becomes governed by the "group mind". This model treats the crowd as a unit in its composition which robs every individual member of their opinions, values and beliefs; as Le Bon states: "An individual in a crowd is a grain of sand amid other grains of sand, which the wind stirs up at will".

"Le Bon detailed three key processes that create the psychological crowd: i) Anonymity, ii) Contagion and iii) Suggestibility. Anonymity provides to rational individuals a feeling of invincibility and the loss of personal responsibility. An individual becomes primitive, unreasoning, and emotional. This lack of self-restraint allows individuals to "yield to instincts" and to accept the instinctual drives of their "racial unconscious". For Le Bon, the crowd inverts Darwin's law of evolution and becomes atavistic, proving Ernst Haeckel's embryological theory: "ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny". Contagion refers to the spread in the crowd of particular behaviours and individuals sacrifice their personal interest for the collective interest. Suggestibility is the mechanism through which the contagion is achieved; as the crowd coalesces into a singular mind, suggestions made by strong voices in the crowd create a space for the racial unconscious to come to the forefront and guide its behaviour. At this stage, the psychological crowd becomes homogeneous and malleable to suggestions from its strongest members. "The leaders we speak of," says Le Bon, "are usually men of action rather than of words. They are not gifted with keen foresight... They are especially recruited from the ranks of those morbidly nervous excitable half-deranged persons who are bordering on madness" (Wikipedia article on Gustav Le Bon, accessed 7-2021).

Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Social Psychology
  • 13331

A history of social psychology: From the eighteenth-century Enlightenment to the Second World War.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Social Psychology
  • 13332

Revolutionary therapies: How the California Stem Cell Program saved lives, eased suffering - and changed the face of medicine forever.

Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co., 2020.

Subjects: POLICY, HEALTH, Regenerative Medicine
  • 13333

A new method by which sponges may be artificially reared.

Science, 23, 91-97, 1907.

In one of the first dissociation-reaggregation experiments Wilson demonstrated that mechanically dissociated sponge cells can reaggregate and self-organize to generate a whole organism. Digital facsimile from at this link.

Subjects: Regenerative Medicine
  • 13334

Transfusions et greffes de moelle osseuse homologue chez des humains irradiés a haute dos accidentellement.

Rev. Franc. Etudes Clin. et Biol., 4, 226-238, 1959.

Order of authorship in the original publication: Mathé, Jammet, Pendic et al. Mathé performed the first bone marrow graft between unrelated donors and hosts in order to save six Yugoslavian nuclear researchers who had been accidentally irradiated. That event made him aware of the possibility and necessity of developing active and adoptive immunotherapy and applying it to the treatment of cancers.

Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, Regenerative Medicine, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 13335

Single Lgr5 stem cells build crypt-villus structures in vitro without a mesenchymal niche.

Nature, 459, 262-265, 2009.

Order of authorship in the original publication: Sato, de Vries, .... Clevers. Clevers and postdoc Toshiro Sato took adult stem cells from the mouse intestine and created the first mini-guts they called organoids—three-dimensional organized clusters of cells.

"The intestinal epithelium is the most rapidly self-renewing tissue in adult mammals. We have recently demonstrated the presence of about six cycling Lgr5+ stem cells at the bottoms of small-intestinal crypts1. Here we describe the establishment of long-term culture conditions under which single crypts undergo multiple crypt fission events, while simultanously generating villus-like epithelial domains in which all differentiated cell types are present. Single sorted Lgr5+ stem cells can also initiate these crypt-villus organoids. Tracing experiments indicate that the Lgr5+ stem-cell hierarchy is maintained in organoids. We conclude that intestinal crypt-villus units are self-organizing structures, which can be built from a single stem cell in the absence of a non-epithelial cellular niche."

Subjects: Regenerative Medicine
  • 13336

Observations historical, critical, and medical, on the wines of the ancients. And the analogy between them and modern wines. With general observations and qualities of water, and in particular those of Bath.

London: T. Cadell, 1775.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: Wine, Medical Uses of
  • 13337

Le Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. Histoire de la fondation et les développements successifs de l'établissement; Biographie des hommes célèbres qui y ont contribué par leur enseignement ou par leurs découvertes, histoire des recherches, des voyages, des applications utiles auxquels le muséum a donné lieu, pour les arts, le commerce et l'agriculture; description des galeries, du jardin, des serres et de la ménagerie.

Paris: L. Curmer, 1854.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.

Subjects: MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern, NATURAL HISTORY › History of Natural History
  • 13338

Le cuisinier et le médecin et le médecin et le cuisinier ou le cuisinier médecin et le médecin cuisinier ou l'art de conserver ou de rétablir sa santé par une alimentation convenable. Guide indispensable à toutes les personnes qu veulent connaitre leur tempérament, le gouverner en santé ou en maladie, selon les règles de l'hygiene, suivi d'un livre de cuisine d'économie domestique et d'hygiène alimentaire appliquée selon les divers tempéraments....les propriété à de toutes les substances alimentaires, des eaux minérales, leur influence sur les divers tempéraments, les maladies résultant des abus et excès, et le moyen de s'en préserver, par une Société médecins, de chimistes, du cuisiniers et d'officiers de bouche.

Paris: L. Curmer, 1855.

A comprehensive work, with a difficult and verbose title. The second printing, also published in 1855, included a frontispiece and an elaborate engraved title not illustrated in the BnF copy. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.

Subjects: Hygiene, NUTRITION / DIET
  • 13339

Die Entwicklungsgeschichte des menschlichen Auges.

Graefe’s Arch. Ophthal., 4/1, 1-226, 1858.

"Ammon's Scleral Prominence - prominence of the postero-external aspect of the globe of the eye of the foetus which appears at the third month of foetal life." Jessie Dobson, eponyms, 2nd. Ed. (1962), p.13 . The article includes 207 text illustrations on 12 lithographed plates. Separate edition: Berlin: Hermann Peters, 1858. Translated into French by A. van Biervliet and published in Annales d'oculistique and in a separate edition as Histoire du développement de l'oeil humain, Brussels: V. J. van Beggenhoudt, 1860.

Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit
  • 13340

L'école médicale de Kairouan aux x et xi siècles.

Paris: Jouve, 1933.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Tunisia, Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 13341

Ibn Abi Useibia. Herausgegeben von August Müller.

Königsberg: Selbstverlag, 1884.

Self-published. Arabic text with relatively brief commentary. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 13342

Histoire de la médecine arabe en Tunisie durant dix siècles.

Carthage, Tunisia: Editions Cartaginoiseries, 2012.

Includes a biography and bibliography of Ben Miled as well as a reprint of his thesis, L'école médicale de Kairouan aux xe et xie siècles (1933). The 2012 work was originally published in Arabic as Ṭibb al-ʻArabī al-Tūnisī fī ʻasharat qurun̄. Tunis: Déméter, 1980.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Tunisia, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 13343

The healing forest: Medicinal and toxic plants of the Northwest Amazonia.

Portland, OR: Dioscorides Press, 1990.

  • 13344

Vine of the Soul: Medicine men, their plants and rituals in the Columbian Amazonia.

Santa Fe, NM: Synergetic Press, 1992.

Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Colombia, PHARMACOLOGY › Ethnopharmacology, Shamanism / Neoshamanism
  • 13345

Three years in field hospitals of the Army of the Potomac.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1867.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, NURSING, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 13346

L'ouverture du Jardin Royal de Paris, pour la demonstration des plantes medecinales.

Paris: Jacques Dugast, 1640.

La Brosse founded the Jardin des Plantes (originally Jardin du Roi), the first botanical garden in Paris. It was the second garden of this type in France, after the Jardin des plantes de Montpellier founded in 1593. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens, BOTANY › Medical Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France
  • 13347

Onomatologia, seu nomenclatura stirpium quae in Horto Regio Monspeliensi recens constructo coluntur.

Montpellier: Jean Gilet, 1598.

The first catalogue of medicinal plants in the Jardin des plantes de Montpellier, founded by Richer de Belleval in 1593. This was the first medical botanical garden in France.  Reprinted in Opuscules de Pierre Richer de Belleval....Nouvelle édition  d'après les exemplaires de la Bibliothèque du Roi par M. Broussonet (Paris, 1785). Digital facsimile of the 1785 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens, BOTANY › Medical Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France
  • 13348

De l'établissement des principaux jardins de botanique.

Ann. Musèe Hist. nat. (Paris), 9, 149-205, 1807.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. Edited English translation by Roger L. Williams as "On the establishment of the principal gardens of botany: A bibliographical essay by Jean-Philippe-François Deleuze," Huntia, 14 (2011) 147-176. Digital fracsimile from at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens › History of Botanical Gardens
  • 13349

Histoire de description du Muséum royal d'histoire naturelle, ouvrage rédigé d'après les ordres de l'administration du muséum.

Paris: M. A. Royer, au Jardin du Roy, 1823.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.

Subjects: MUSEUMS › History of Museums, MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern
  • 13350

Hortus medicus et philosophicus: In quo plurimarum stirpium breves descriptiones, novae icones non paucae, indicationes locorum natalium, observationes de cultura earum peculiares, atque insuper nonnulla remedia euporista, nec non philologicae quadame continenteur. Item sylva Hercynia: sive catalgus plantarum sponte nascentium in montibus & locis plerisque.

Frankfurt am Main: Johann Feyerabend, 1588.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Medical Botany
  • 13351

L'horto dei semplici di Padova, oue si vede primieramente la forma di tutta la pianta con le sue misure: & indi i suoi partimenti distinti per numeri in ciascuna arella, intagliato in rame.

Venice: Girolamo Porro, 1591.

First catalogue of the Orto botanico di Padova, the oldest academic botanical garden that remains in its original location., Digital facsimile from at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens, BOTANY › Medical Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Italy
  • 13352

The patient’s dilemma: The quest for medical security in America.

New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1940.

Cabot advocated the group practice of medicine and for budgeted prepayment systems for healthcare.

Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, Insurance, Health
  • 13353

Tortoises, terrapins, and turtles drawn from life. By James de Carle Sowerby and Edward Lear.

London, Paris, and Frankfort: Henry Sotheran, Joseph Baer & Co., 1872.

Though not credited on the title page, Thomas Bell was superintendent of the plates and the intended author of this work. James de Carle Sowerby created the original paintings. Edward Lear drew the plates on stone.

Forty of the plates first appeared in Thomas Bell's A monograph of the testudinata, London: Samuel Highley, [1832-1836]. Only the first eight parts of that work were issued due to the publisher's bankruptcy, causing the introduction to end in mid-sentence. Henry Sotheran eventualy bought the unsold parts and remaining plates, and in 1872 reissued them with 20 additional, previously unpublished plates by Sowerby and Lear. Because Bell did not wish to write a text for the additional plates, John Edward Gray provided the additional text for the 1872 edition.

Digital facsimile of the incomplete first edition from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1872 edition from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.


Subjects: NATURAL HISTORY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Herpetology
  • 13354

Illustrations of the family of Psittacidæ, or parrots: The greater part of them species hitherto unfigured, containing forty-two lithographic plates, drawn from life, and on stone.

London: Published by E. Lear, 1832.

For this work Lear drew portraits of mostly live specimens directly on stone, creating artistic masterpieces that established his reputation as a natural history painter. Lear issued only 175 copies and ran out of funds after completing 12 of the 14 parts, selling only 125 subscriptions, and selling the remaining 50 copies and the rights to the plates to John Gould. Concerning this work see the exceptionally informative Wikipedia article at this link. Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this liink.

Subjects: NATURAL HISTORY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 13355

Tableau historique des maladies internes de mauvais caractère qui ont affligé la grande armée dans la campagne de Prusse et de Pologne, et notamment de celles qui ont été observées dans les hôpitaux militaires et les villes de Thorn, Bromberg, Fordon et Culm, dans l'hiver de 1806 à 1807, le printems et l'été de 1807, suivi de réflexions sur les divers modes de traitement de ces maladies adoptés par les médecins français et allemands.

Berlin: Louis Quien, 1808.

Digital facsimile from at this link.

  • 13356

Instruction des Officiers de Santé en Chef de l'Armée sur les maladies internes et externes des troupes à Sainte-Domingue, et sur leur traitement.

Cap-François, Saint-Domingue: P. Roux, Imprimeur du Gouvernement, 1802.

The date of this undated work has been inferred. The 40-page pamphlet issued during the early stages of the French expedition to the island, provided instructions by the chief medical officers of the army for medical personel in hospitals and in the field, concerning the external and internal diseases of the troops in Saint-Domingue, and their treatment.

  • 13357

Dioscurides triumphans: Ein anonymer arabischer Kommentar (Ende 12. Jh. n. Chr.) zur Materia medica. Arabischer Text nebst kommentierter deutscher Übersetzung. 2 vols.

Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1988.

Subjects: BOTANY › Medical Botany, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 13358

Studien zur Geschichte der Mineralnamen in Pharmazie, Chemie und Medizin von den Anfängen bis Paracelsus.

Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1972.

Subjects: Minerals and Medicine
  • 13359

Das Aqrābādīn al-Qalānisī. Quellenkritische und begriffsanalytische Untersuchungen zur Arabisch-Pharmazeutischen Literatur.

Beirut, 1986.

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 13360

Shenei Ma'amarei ha-Mishgal. Ehad 'al 'Inyanei ha-Mishgal we-ehad 'al Ribbuy ha-Misgal. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Medizin des XII. Jahrhunderts an der Hand zweier medizinischer Abhandlungen des Maimonides auf Grund von 6 unedierten Handschriften dargestellt und kritisch beleuchtet

Berlin: T. H. Ittskovski, 1906.

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 13361

Bibliographie générale et méthodique d'Haiti. 2 vols.

Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Imprimerie de l'Etat, 1941.

Vol. 2, pp. 169-208 contains a comprehensive chronological account of medical publications printed in Haiti, or about medicine in Haiti, from the earliest imprints to 1941. Digital facsimile from at this link.

Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Haiti
  • 13362

Pathologie intertropicale. Doctrines et clinique.

Port-au-Prince, Haiti: J. Verrolot, 1904.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallaica at this link.

  • 13363

Des maladies des créoles en Europe avec la maniere de les traiter et des observations sur celles des gens de mer et sur quelques autres plus fréquemment observées dans les climats chauds.

Paris: Valade, 1784.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, Maritime Medicine, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 13364

Traité des pians.

Cap-François, Saint-Domingue: Dufour de Rians, Imprimeur du Roi au Cap., 1776.

One of the earliest medical publications printed in Haiti. Duvivier, Bibliographie générale et méthodique d'Haiti, 2, p. 197.

  • 13365

Recherches et expériences sur les poisons d'Amérique: Tirés des trois règnes de La nature, et envisagés sous les rapports de l'histoire naturelle, de la physiologie, de le pathologie et de la chimie, avec un essai sur l'empoisonnement par Les miasmes des marais, le mal d'estomac des nègres (cachexia Africana), et les maladies qui ressemblent aux empoisonnemens; pour servir à la toxicologie générale du continent d'Amérique et des Antilles.

Bordeaux: Ch. Lawalle, 1826.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, Slavery and Medicine, TOXICOLOGY
  • 13366

Les eaux minérales et thermales de Saint-Dominique. Tome 1 (All Published).

Port-au-Prince, Haiti: imp. Mozart, 1788.

One of the earliest medical publications printed in Haiti. Duvivier, Bibliographie générale et méthodique d'Haiti, 2, p. 206.

  • 13367

Histoire des médecins et pharmaciens de marine et des colonies.

Toulouse: Privat, 1985.

Subjects: Maritime Medicine, TROPICAL Medicine › History of Tropical Medicine
  • 13368

Evolution des sciences de la santé et de l'hygiène publique en Haiti. Vol.1, Fin de la période coloniale-1915.

Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Centre d'Hygiène Familiale, 1979.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Haiti, TROPICAL Medicine › History of Tropical Medicine
  • 13369

African folk medicine: Practices and beliefs of the Bambara and other peoples.

Baltimore, MD: York Press, 1977.

Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Folk Medicine, ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Africa
  • 13371

Description de l'Hôpital général du Cap, dans laquelle on donne une idée de l'influence de l'air des marais sur les maladies endémiques qu'on y observe, avec un apperçu des inconvéniens de la situation du cimetière actuel, et ceux qui peuvent encore résulter du trop grand rapprochement du cimetière général que l'on vient d'établir. Ce mémoire a été lu en presence de MM. de Mirbeck et Roume, commissaires nationaux-civils délégués par le Roi à Saint-Domingue, associés nationaux de la Société royale des sciences et Arts du Cap-Français, dans sa séance du 30 janvier 1792.

Cap-François, Saint-Domingue, 1792.

Date inferred from reference on p. 14.  Arthaud was "médecin breveté par le Roi au Cap, associé de la Société philosophique de Philadelphie, correspondant de la Société royale de médecin de Paris, de la Société des sciences de Montpellier et de l'Académie royal de chirugie."

  • 13372

The old humanities and the new science. An address before the Classical Association, Oxford, May 16th, 1919.

London: John Murray, 1919.

"Osler became a 'despairing optimist' after World War I, in which he lost his son. He closed his last public address, given in May 1919 on “The Old Humanities and the New Science,” with the hope that through the Hippocratic combination of philanthropia (love of humanity) and philotechnia (love of science and technology), humankind might somehow find the wisdom (philosophia) to survive and flourish. Those words became his valedictory, as he died later that year from complications of pneumonia" (Charles S. Bryan). American edition with an extensive introduction by Harvey Cushing, Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1920. Digital facsimile of the 1920 edition from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: Humanities, Medical
  • 13373

Up against the wall: Art, activism, and the AIDS poster. Edited by Donald Albrecht and Jessica Lacher-Feldman. Medical and consulting editor William M. Valenti.

Rochester, NY: RIT Press, 2021.

Documents the power and impact of nearly 200 examples of AIDS posters from around the world and the social activism that continues to bring awareness to a disease without vaccine or a cure. Selected from the 8000 posters concerning AIDS collected by Edward Atwater.

Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › HIV / AIDS, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › HIV / AIDS › History of HIV / AIDS, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 13374

Medicine, magic and religion. [Edited] with a preface by G. Elliot Smith.

London: Kegan Paul, 1924.

Fitzpatrick Lectures 1915-16. Originally published in Lancet , 94, 59–65, 117–23.

Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, Magic & Superstition in Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 13375

Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement à l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médecine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les artes. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes....Par plusieurs professeurs du Jardin du Roi, et des principales écoles de Paris. 60 vols. "M. F. Cuvier est chargé de la direction générale de l'ouvrage."

Strasbourg, France: F. G. Levrault & Paris: Le Normant, 18161830.

"M. F. Cuvier est chargé de la direction générale de l'ouvrage."  Digital facsimile from at this link.

Subjects: Encyclopedias, NATURAL HISTORY
  • 13376

Marie Stopes: A checklist of her writings. By Peter Eaton and Marilyn Warnick.

London: Croom Helm, 1977.

The printed dust jacket reads differently from the title page:  "Marie Stopes: A preliminary checklist of her writings together with some biographical notes."

Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, Contraception › History of Contraception, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 13377

Magnus Hirschfeld and the quest for sexual freedom. A history of the first international sexual freedom movement. By Elena Mancini.

New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Homosexuality
  • 13378

Vénus et Mercure.

Paris: Editions de la Vie Moderne, 1931.

"Chapter by Pierre Najac, “L’Institut de science sexuelle à Berlin”; includes numerous illustrations from the archives of Magnus Hirschfeld’s Institute for Sexual Science in Berlin, as well as Najac’s eyewitness description of the vaginoplasty surgery performed on Rudolf Z./Dorchen Richter, the second recipient of male-to-female gender confirmation surgery under the auspices of the institute" (Gerald Koskovich).

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Transsexuality
  • 13379

Berlins drittes Geschlecht.

Berlin: Hermann Seemann, 1904.

"Third sex" was Hirschfeld's provisional term for gays and lesbians. Translated into English by James J. Conway as Berlin's third sex, Berlin: Rixdorf Editions, 2017.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Homosexuality
  • 13380

Question médico-légale de l’identité dans ses rapport avec les vices de conformation des organes sexuels contenant les souvenirs et impressions d’un individu dont le sexe avait été méconnu.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière et fils, 1872.

Includes the first printing of the memoirs of "Alexina B" a French intersex person whose actual name was Herculine Barbin. Digital facsimile of the revised second edition (1874) from Google Books at this link. Translated into English with an introduction and supporting documents by Michel Foucault as Herculine Barbin: Being the recently discovered memoirs of a nineteenth-century French hermaphrodite, New York: Pantheon Books, 1980. Foucault's introduction appears only in the English language edition.

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Intersex
  • 13381

Discours sur les hermaphrodits. Où il est demonstré contre l'opinion commune, qui'il n'y a point de vrays hermaphrodits.

Paris: Pierre Ramier, 1614.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Intersex
  • 13382

Responce au discours fait par le sieur Riolan docteur en medecine & professeur en chirurgie & pharmacie à Paris, contre l'Histoire de l'hermaphrodit de Rouen.

Rouen: Julian Courant, 1614.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Intersex
  • 13383

A mechanical and critical enquiry into the nature of hermaphrodites.

London: J. Walthoe, 1741.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Intersex
  • 13384

Hermaphrodismus und Zeugungsunfähigkeit: Eine systematische Darstellung der Missbildungen der menschlichen Geschlechtsorgane. Autorisierte deutsche Ausgabe von Dr. med. R. Teuscher.

Berlin: H. Barsdorf, 1903.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Intersex
  • 13385

Ueber angeborne menschliche Missbildungen im Allgemeinen und Hermaphroditen insbesondere. Ein Beitrag zur Physiologie, pathologischen Anatomie, und gerichtlichen Arzneiwissenschaft.

Landshut: Philipp Krull, Universitätsbuchhändler, 1820.

Includes an account of the Prussian intersex man, Karl Dürrge (also known as Maria Dorothea Derrier: 1780–1835). With two hand-colored plates of hermaphroditic genitalia.  Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Intersex, TERATOLOGY
  • 13386

Neue Forschungen auf dem Gebiet der Psychopathia sexualis. Ein medicinisch-psychologische Studie.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1890.

Among other things, Krafft-Ebing introduced the terms sadism and masochism in this work. Digital facsimile from at this link.

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › BDSM (Bondage, Discipline Sadomasochism)
  • 13387

What medicine can do for law. The Anniversary Discourse delivered before the New York Academy of Medicine November 1, 1928.

New York & London: Harper & Brothers, 1930.

When he delivered this presentation Cardozo was Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals. In 1832 President Herbert Hoover appointed Cardozo to the U.S. Supreme Court to succeed Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

Subjects: LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 13388

Chemical atlas; or, the chemistry of familiar objects: Exhibiting the general principles of the science in a series of beautifully colored diagrams, and accompanied by explanatory essays, embracing the latest views of the subjects illustrated. Designed for the use of students and pupils in all schools where chemistry is taught.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1854.

The diagrams in this pioneering work in information graphics were printed in red and black; a variety of other colors were applied by hand. Digital facsimile from at this link.

Subjects: Chemistry, GRAPHIC DISPLAY of Medical & Scientific Information
  • 13389

Devices and desires: A history of contraceptives in America.

New York: Hill and Wang, 2001.

Subjects: Contraception › History of Contraception
  • 13390

The age of anxiety: A history of America's turbulent affair with tranquilizers.

New York: Basic Books, 2008.

Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › History of Psychopharmacology
  • 13391

The condom industry in the United States.

Columbia, SC: McFarland, 1990.

  • 13392

Der botanische Garten der Universität zu Halle im Jahre 1799.

Halle: C. A. Kümmel, 1800.

Digital facsimile from at this link. Followed by Erster Nachtrag zu der Beschreibung des botanischen Gartens der Universität zu Halle (1801). Digital facsimile of the 1801 Nachtrag from at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens
  • 13393

The gardeners dictionary: Containing the methods of cultivating and improving the kitchen, fruit and flower garden. As also, the physick garden, wilderness, conservatory and vineyard, according to the practice of the most experienc'd gardeners of the present age. Interspers'd with the history of the plants, the characters of each genus, and the names of all the particular species, in Latin and English, and an explanation of all the terms used in botany and gardening.

London: Printed for the author, 1731.

Miller was chief gardener and curator (or 'Hortulanus') at the Apothecaries' (later Physic) Garden in Chelsea. Besides covering methods of cultivation, Miller's Dictionary provided a systematic botanical compendium of all wild-growing and cultivated plants then known in Britain. Digital facsimile of the 8th and last edition edited by Miller, expanded into 3 vols. from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Subjects: Agriculture / Horticulture, BOTANY › Botanical Gardens
  • 13394

Magnus Hirschfeld: A portrait of a pioneer in sexology.

London & New York: Quartet, 1986.

Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 13395

Love between women.

London: Duckworth, 1971.

Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › Homosexuality
  • 13396

Catalogus Horti Botanici Oxoniensis: Alphabeticè digestus, duas, præterpropter, plantarum chiliadas complectens, priore duplo auctior, ... : Cui accessere plantæ minimùm sexaginta suis nominibus insignitæ....Cura & opera socia Philippi Stephani et Guilelmi Brounei. Adhibitis etiam in consilium D. Boberto.

Oxford: William Hall, 1658.

Catalogue of plants in the Oxford Botanic Garden, the oldest botanic garden in Great Britain. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens, BOTANY › Catalogues of Plants
  • 13397

Tumor angiogenesis: Therapeutic implications.

New Eng. J. Med., 285, 1182-1186, 1971.

Folkman reported that solid tumors are angiogenesis-dependent. He hypothesized that there was an unknown "factor" that tumors secreted to help increase their blood supply, and that if that factor could be blocked, tumors would wither and die. 

  • 13398

Isolation of a tumor fraction responsible for angiogenesis.

J. exp. Med., 133, 275-288, 1971.

Isolation of the first angiogenic tumor factor. Digital text from PubMedCentral at this link.

  • 13399

Institutions of confinement: Hospitals, asylums, and prisons in Western Europe and North America, 1500-1950. Edited by Norbert Finzsch and Robert Jütte.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry