An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16017 entries, 14075 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 11, 2024

Browse by Entry Number 9100–9199

100 entries
  • 9100

Turner on birds; a short and succinct history of the principal birds noticed by Pliny and Aristotle, first published by Doctor William Turner, 1544. Edited, with introduction, translation, notes, and appendix by A. H. Evans.

Cambridge, England: at the University Press, 1903.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9101

Law, sex and Christian society in medieval Europe.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

."...explores the origin and develpment of the Christian church's sex law and the systems of belief upon which that law rested. Focusing on the Church's own legal system of canon law, James A. Brundage offers a comprehensive history of legal doctrines–covering the millennium from A.D. 500 to 1500–concerning a wide variety of sexual behavior, including marital sex, adultery, homosexuality, concubinage, prostitution, masturbation, and incest. His survey makes strikingly clear how the system of sexual control in a world we have half-forgotten has shaped the world in which we live today. The regulation of marriage and divorce as we know it today, together with the outlawing of bigamy and polygamy and the imposition of criminal sanctions on such activities as sodomy, fellatio, cunnilingus, and bestiality, are all based in large measure upon ideas and beliefs about sexual morality that became law in Christian Europe in the Middle Ages" (publisher).

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9102

The meanings of sex difference in the Middle Ages: Medicine, science, and culture.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

"...explores the ways in which scientific ideas about sex differences in the later Middle Ages participated in the broader cultural assumptions about gender. Professor Cadden discusses how medieval natural philosophical theories and medical notions about reproduction and sexual impulses and experiences intersected with ideas about such matters as the social roles of men and women, the purpose of marriage, and the road to salvation" (publisher).

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 9103

A study of abortion in primitive societies. A typological, distributional, and dynamic analysis of the prevention of birth in 400 preindustrial societies.

New York: The Julian Press, 1955.

Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Abortion, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 9104

Histoire de la démographie: La statique de la population des origines à 1914.

Paris: Librairie Académique Perrin, 1985.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.

Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography
  • 9105

Wet nursing: A history from antiquity to the present.

Oxford & New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988.

Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, PEDIATRICS › History of Pediatrics, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 9106

Breasts, bottles and babies: A history of infant feeding.

Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1987.

Subjects: PEDIATRICS › History of Pediatrics, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 9107

Medical licensing and learning in fourteenth-century Valencia.

Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 79, pt. 6., Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1989.

Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Spain
  • 9108

Medicine and the law in the Middle Ages. Edited by Wendy J. Turner and Sara M. Butler.

Leiden: Brill, 2014.

"... a dozen authors address this intersection within three themes: medical matters in law and administration of law, professionalization and regulation of medicine, and medicine and law in hagiography. The articles include subjects such as medical expertise at law on assault, pregnancy, rape, homicide, and mental health; legal regulation of medicine; roles physicians and surgeons played in the process of professionalization; canon law regulations governing physical health and ecclesiastical leaders; and connections between saints’ judgments and the bodies of the penitent. Drawing on primary sources from England, France, Frisia, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, the volume offers a truly international perspective" (publisher).

Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine) › History of Forensic Medicine , LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 2000 -
  • 9109

La prostitution médiévale.

Paris: Flammarion, 1988.

Translated into English as Medieval prostitution (1988)."In fifteenth-century France, public prostitution was condoned by all sectors of society. Clerics and municipal officials not only tolerated prostitution, but were often its principal beneficiaries, owning and frequenting brothels quite openly. The explanation of this remarkable state of affairs is just one aspect of Jacques Rossiaud's vivid reconstruction of a part of medieval society that has previously received little attention.

Drawing upon extensive research in medieval archives, the author shows that most fifteenth-century Frenchwomen could expect a life of constant subjugation to male desire. Rape, for instance, was common and considered only a minor crime. He then considers whether public prostitution might paradoxically have been seen by the secular and religious authorities as a means of social control, and of preserving marital stability: the virtue of wives and daughters was best protected by the existence of public brothels, where sexual urges could be satisfied without adultery or rape. Jacques Rossiaud also describes the social background of the prostitutes, brothel-keepers, pimps, and their clientele, providing a vivid overview..." (publisher).

Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 9110

Late ancient and medieval population.

Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 48, pt. 3., Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1958.

Digital facsimile from JSTOR at this link.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography
  • 9111

Die Bevölkerung der griechisch-römischen Welt.

Berlin, 1886.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography
  • 9112

Roman medicine.

London: Thames & Hudson, 1969.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire
  • 9113

The gospel of germs: Men, women, and the microbe in American life.

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9114

Remaking the American patient: How Madison Avenue and modern medicine turned patients into consumers.

Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2016.

"In a work that spans the twentieth century, Nancy Tomes questions the popular--and largely unexamined--idea that in order to get good health care, people must learn to shop for it. Remaking the American Patient explores the consequences of the consumer economy and American medicine having come of age at exactly the same time. Tracing the robust development of advertising, marketing, and public relations within the medical profession and the vast realm we now think of as "health care," Tomes considers what it means to be a "good" patient. As she shows, this history of the coevolution of medicine and consumer culture tells us much about our current predicament over health care in the United States. Understanding where the shopping model came from, why it was so long resisted in medicine, and why it finally triumphed in the late twentieth century helps explain why, despite striking changes that seem to empower patients, so many Americans remain unhappy and confused about their status as patients today" (publisher).

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9115

The art of asylum-keeping: Thomas Story Kirkbride and the origins of Ameican psychiatry.

Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 9116

On the construction, organization and general arrangements of hospitals for the insane.

Philadelphia: [No publisher identified], 1854.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

  • 9117

A history of the Pennsylvania Hospital.

Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2008.

Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Pennsylvania
  • 9118

The architecture of madness: Insane asylums in the United States.

Minneapolis,MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2007.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 9119

Nature's museums: Victorian science and the architecture of display.

New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2005.

Subjects: MUSEUMS › History of Museums
  • 9120

Asylum: Inside the closed world of state mental hospitals. Photographs by Christopher Payne. With an essay by Oliver Sacks.

Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009.

Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 9121

Ten days in a mad-house.

New York: Ian L. Munro, 1887.

By newspaper reporter Nellie Bly, this book was initially published as a series of articles for the New York World newspaper. The book collected Bly's reportage while on an undercover assignment in which she feigned insanity at a women's boarding house, so as to be involuntarily committed to an insane asylum. She then investigated the reports of brutality and neglect at the Women's Lunatic Asylum on Blackwell's Island.  "The book's graphic depiction of conditions at the asylum caused a sensation which brought Bly lasting fame and prompted a grand jury to launch its own investigation with Bly assisting. The jury's report resulted in an $850,000 increase in the budget of the Department of Public Charities and Corrections. The grand jury also made sure that future examinations were more thorough so that only the seriously ill went to the asylum" (Wikipedia). The text and illustrations are available from at this link.

Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, Popularization of Medicine, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 9122

Migraine: Evolution of a common disorder.

London: Faber & Faber & Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1970.

Revised edition, 1990.

Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache › Migraine, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 9123

Galen: On the doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato. Edition, translation and commentary by Phillip DeLacy. 3 vols.

Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 19811984.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 9124

Galen on language and ambiguity. An English transltion of Galen's De captionibus (On fallacies), with introduction, text and commentary by R. B. Edlow.

Leiden: Brill, 1977.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 9125

Galen on antecedent causes. Introduction, text, translation and commentary by R. J. Hankinson.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 9126

Galen: On prognosis: Text, translation, commentary by Vivian Nutton. CMG V.8.1.

Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1979.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 9127

Galen. On my own opinions. Galeni De propriis placitis. Edition, introduction and translation by Vivian Nutton. CMG 5.3.2.

Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1999.

De propriis placitis is Galen's final work in which he reflected on some of the fundamental medical problems that occupied him throughout his long career. "This treatise is not quite the comprehensive survey of a lifetime's work that the title might lead one to expect; in fact, it is surprisingly disorganized and hardly useful as a clinical guide. It is rather more accurately seen as a work about epistemology and medical methodology, in which Galen considers what aspects of medicine are knowable or not and how one formulates principles in the face of our inconsistent knowledge of the body and, indeed, of the world" (, accessed 02-2017).

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 9128

Galen on sense perception: His doctrines, observations and experiments on vision, hearing, smell, touch and pain, and their historical sources.

Basel: Karger, 1970.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, PSYCHOLOGY › Sensation / Perception
  • 9129

Galen's system of physiology and medicine. An analysis of his doctrines and observations on blood flow, respiration, humors and internal diseases.

Basel: Karger, 1968.

Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 9130

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae. Canon of Greek authors and works. Third edition.

New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

"In addition to digitizing texts, the TLG developed the Canon of Greek Authors and Works, originally a "registry" of all works included or about to be included in the corpus. Over time the Canon developed into an indispensable tool for the study of Greek literature. Luci Berkowitz and Karl Squitier produced the bulk of these bibliographies until the early 1990s, when they retired from the University. The last printed version of the Canon was published by Oxford University Press in 1990. Today the Canon database is is searchable on-line."

  • 9131


London: Duckworth, 1973.

Revised editions, 1976 and 1991. "It recounts the life histories of those who had been victims of the 1920s encephalitis lethargica epidemic.[2] Sacks chronicles his efforts in the late 1960s to help these patients at the Beth Abraham Hospital (now Beth Abraham Health Services) in the BronxNew York. The treatment used the then-new drug L-DOPA.

"In 1982, Dr. Sacks wrote:

"I have become much more optimistic than I was when I […] wrote Awakenings, for there has been a significant number of patients who, following the vicissitudes of their first years on L-DOPA, came to do – and still do – extremely well. Such patients have undergone an enduring awakening, and enjoy possibilities of life which had been impossible, unthinkable, before the coming of L-DOPA.[3]

"The book inspired the 1982 play A Kind of Alaska by Harold Pinter, performed as part of a trilogy of Pinter's plays titled Other Places, and a documentary television episode, the pilot of the British television programme Discovery. It was also made into a 1990 Oscar-nominated film, Awakenings starring Robert De Niro and Robin Williams" (Wikipedia)

Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Encephalitis Lethargica 1915-1926, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 9132

Musicophilia: Tales of music and the brain.

New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2007.

In a review for The Washington PostPeter D. Kramer wrote, "In Musicophilia, Sacks turns to the intersection of music and neurology -- music as affliction and music as treatment." Kramer wrote, "Lacking the dynamic that propels Sacks's other work, Musicophilia threatens to disintegrate into a catalogue of disparate phenomena." Kramer went on to say, "What makes Musicophilia cohere is Sacks himself. He is the book's moral argument. Curious, cultured, caring, in his person Sacks justifies the medical profession and, one is tempted to say, the human race." Kramer concluded his review by writing, "Sacks is, in short, the ideal exponent of the view that responsiveness to music is intrinsic to our makeup. He is also the ideal guide to the territory he covers. Musicophilia allows readers to join Sacks where he is most alive, amid melodies and with his patients."[1]

Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, Music and Medicine, NEUROLOGY
  • 9133

The man who mistook his wife of a hat and other clinical tales.

London: Gerald Duckworth, 1985.

Describes the case histories of some of Sacks's patients. The title comes from the case study of a man with visual agnosia.[1]  The book "became the basis of an opera of the same name by Michael Nyman, which premiered in 1986.

"The book comprises twenty-four essays split into four sections, each dealing with a particular aspect of brain function such as deficits and excesses in the first two sections (with particular emphasis on the right hemisphere of the brain) while the third and fourth describe phenomenological manifestations with reference to spontaneous reminiscences, altered perceptions, and extraordinary qualities of mind found in mentally handicapped people."[2]" (Wikipedia)


Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, NEUROLOGY
  • 9134

An uneasy equilibrium: Private and public financing of health service in the United States 1875-1965.

New Haven, CT: College and University Press, 1968.

The central theme of this book is that health policy in the Unitesd States is the product of a deep ambivalence in public attitudes that on the one hand support a private, market-oriented health provision system, while on the other hand favoring a collective, increasingly public, means of financing. In 1985 Anderson issued what was essentially a revised and extended version of this book as Health services in the United States: A growth enterprise since 1875 (Ann Arbor, MI: Health Adminstration Press, 1985). 

Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL › History of Biomedical Economics, Insurance, Health › History of Health Insurance, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9135

Blue Cross since 1929: Accountability and the public trust.

Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1975.

Subjects: Insurance, Health › History of Health Insurance
  • 9136

Almost persuaded: American physicians and compulsory health insurance, 1912-1920.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

Subjects: Insurance, Health › History of Health Insurance
  • 9137

Law and the American health care system.

St. Paul, MN: Foundation Press, 1997.

Second revised edition, 2012, with extensive discussion of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.

Subjects: LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 9138

In sickness and in wealth: American hospitals in the twentieth century.

New York: Basic Books, 1989.

  • 9139

Anothomia di Mondino de' Liuzzi da Bologna, XIV secolo. Edited by Piero P.Giorgi, Gian Franco Pasini, & Albertina Cavazza.

Bologna: Instituto per storia dell Università di Bologna, 1992.

Subjects: ANATOMY › Medieval Anatomy (6th to 15th Centuries), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE
  • 9140

De plantis: Five translated. Edited and introduced by H. J. Drossaart Lulofs and E. L. J. Poortman.

Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing, 1989.

On Plants (De Plantis), sometimes attributed to Aristotle, is generally believed to have been written by Nicolaus of Damascus in the first century BCE. It is divided into two parts:

"The first part discusses the nature of plant life, sex in plants, the parts of plants, the structure of plants, the classification of plants, the composition and products of plants, the methods of propagation and fertilization of plants, and the changes and variations of plants. The second part describes the origins of plant life, the material of plants, the effects of external conditions and climate on plants, water plants, rock plants, effects of locality on plants, parasitism, the production of fruits and leaves, the colors and shapes of plants, and fruits and their flavors" (Wikipedia).


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, BOTANY
  • 9141

The Articella in the early press c. 1476-1534.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine & Barcelona: CSIC Barcelona Dept. of History of Science, 1998.

Digital facsimile from at this link.

Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › 15th Century (Incunabula) & Medieval, Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 9142

Consilia ad diversas aegritudines. Ed: Laurentius de Gozadinis.

Bologna: Johannes de Nördlingen and Henricus de Harlem, 1482.

  • 9143

Expositio super Aphorismos Hippocratis et Galeni commentum.

Ferrara: Laurentius de Rubeis, de Valentia, with Andreas de Grassis, de Castronovo, 1493.

  • 9144

Expositio super libros tegni Galeni. Ed: Guilemus Caldentei Hispanus.

Pavia: Antonius de Carcano, for Mauritius Moretus, 1496.

  • 9145

Expositio in primam et secundam fen primi Canonis Avicennae by Hugo Senensis. Edited by Antonius Cittadinus Faventinus. With: Quaestio de febre by Antonius Cittadinus.

Ferrara: Andreas Belfortis, Gallus, 1491.

  • 9146

De conservatione sanitatis. With additions by Johannes Philippus de Lignamine.

Rome: Johannes Philippus de Lignamine, 1475.

This medieval guide to health and hygiene is sometimes misattributed to Hugo Benzi. It was one of the earliest medical or health texts to appear in print, and is unusual in that the printer, who was not a physician, indicated that he contributed to the text. ISTC No. ib00313000. Digital facsimile from Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.

  • 9147

Mesmerism: A translation of the original medical and scientific writings of F. A. Mesmer. Compiled and translated by George J. Bloch.

Los Altos, CA: William Kaufmann, Inc., 1980.

Includes [1.] an English translation, made from the 1971 edition in French, of Mesmer's disseration: Disseratio physico-medica de planetarum influxu (Vienna, 1766). [2.] English translation of Lettre de M. Mesmer...à M. Unzer...sur l'usage médicinal de L'Aimant from L' Paulet (1784) [3.] Discours de M. Mesmer sur le magnétisme from Paulet, L'Antimagnétisme...(1784). [4.] Mémoire sur la découverte du magnétisme animal. (Regarding the translation of [4.] the authors state that their translation is significantly different "especially in the sections relating to medicine."

Subjects: Mesmerism, PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis
  • 9148

Domestic medicine or, the family physician: Being an attempt to render the medical art more generally useful, by shewing people what Is in their own power both with respect to the prevention and cure of diseases: Chiefly calculated to recommend a proper attention to regimen and simple medicines.

Edinburgh: Printed by Balfour, Auld and Smellie, 1769.

This pioneering medical self-help book was an instant success, selling 80,000 copies in Buchan's lifetime— a huge number for that time, and was translated into all the major European languages. Digital facsimile from Harvard Library at this link.

Jean-Denis Duplanil (1740-1802) translated Buchan's work into French as Médecine domestique (Paris, 1775). This single volume French edition Duplanil gradually expanded with new material. Duplanil's fifth edition in French reached 5 vols. (Paris, 1802). Digital facsimile of the 5th edition from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: Household or Self-Help Medicine, Hygiene, Popularization of Medicine
  • 9149

Primitive physick; or, an easy and natural method of curing most diseases.

London, 1747.

Wesley, an English cleric, theologian, and evangelist, was a leader of a revival movement within the Church of England known as Methodism. Digital facsimile of the 14th American edition, Philadelphia, 1770, from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: Household or Self-Help Medicine, Popularization of Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9150

Gunn’s domestic medicine, or poor man’s friend in the hours of affliction, pain, and sickness. This book points out, in plain language, free from doctor's terms the diseases of men, women, and children, and the latest and most approved means used in their cure, and is expressly written for the benefit of families in the western and southern states. It also contains descriptions of the medicinal roots and herbs of the western and southern country, and how they are to be used in the cure of diseases: arranged on a new and simple plan, by which the practice of medicine reduced to the principles of common sense.

Knoxville, TN: Printed under the Immediate Superintendence of the Author, a Physician of Knoxville, 1830.

Gunn intended his book to serve as a guide for frontier and rural families who lived far away from any sort of medical care so it contained instructions on how to treat a wide variety of illnesses.  While the first edition was a relatively modest 440 pages, subsequent editions ballooned to over 1000 pages that included advice on everything from the proper behavior of wives to how to cope with a child who indulges in the “solitary vice.”  Gunn’s work became well-known enough to merit a mention in both Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn, as one of the books at the Grangerford residence, and is described as, “[telling] you all about what to do if a body was sick or dead.” 

Digital facsimile of the 1835 fourth edition from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American South, Household or Self-Help Medicine, Popularization of Medicine, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Tennessee
  • 9151

Medicine without doctors: Home health care in American history. Edited by Guenter B. Risse, Ronald L. Numbers, and Judith Walzer Leavitt.

New York: Science History Publications, 1977.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , Household or Self-Help Medicine, Popularization of Medicine
  • 9152

Right living: An Anglo-American tradition of self-help medicine and hygiene. Edited by Charles Rosenberg.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

Subjects: Household or Self-Help Medicine, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Popularization of Medicine
  • 9153

Mental institutions in America: Social policy to 1873.

New York: Free Press, 1973.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9154

From asylum to community: Mental health policy in modern America.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9155

The dilemma of federal mental health policy: Radical reform or incremental change?

New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9156

Mental illness and American society, 1875-1940.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9157

The formation of the American medical profession: The role of institutions, 1780-1860.

New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1968.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 9158

Female complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the business of women's medicine.

New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1979.

"The original 1875 recipe called for unicorn root, life root, blach cohosh, pleurisy root, and fenugreek seed, but alcohol (18-20 percent) gave it a longer shelf life, and shrewd advertising assured its staying power. Lydia Pinkham's Vegetable Compound capitalized on two prevalent 19th-century attitudes: distrust of doctors and genteel notions about women's ailments. The company--a family venture from the start--used the real Lydia's picture to attract customers, and continued to peddle her ultra-respectable image for years after she died. The Pinkham/Gove clan, aided by a prototypically slick advertising agent, adjusted and readjusted the essentially useless formula to changing times, toning down the exaggerated claims and adding ingredients to prevent its classification as an alcoholic beverage. But they failed to modernize its appeal sufficiently in the 1950s, and the company went under. Author Stage, who has taught American history at Williams, solidly charts the company's changing fortunes--responding to historical trends and periodic exposures--and she demonstrates that litigious family members undermined its financial health even more than tougher government regulations and rising consumer consciousness. More significantly, she firmly places Lydia Pinkham's durable formula within a larger context: as a patent compound, within the domestic medicine tradition, it made extravagant promises yet did less harm than current medical treatment--surgery or long bedrest. Quack medicine? One hundred percent. And presented in a fine blend of medical, biographical, and advertising history" (, accessed 02-2017).

Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, Quackery, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 9159

Women, plumbers, and doctors: or, household sanitation. By Mrs. H. M. Plunkett. Showing that, if women and plumbers do their whole sanitary duty, there will be comparatively little occasion for the services of the doctors.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1885.

Dedicated "To Dr. Henry I. Bowditch, whose early, persistent, and enthusiastic labors make him the apostle of sanitation in America." Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.

Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 9160

Public hygiene in America: Being the centennial discourse delivered before the International Medical Congress, Philadelphia, September, 1876 by Henry I. Bowditch. With extracts from correspondence from the various states. Together with a digest of American sanitary law by Henry G. Pickering.

Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1877.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: Hygiene, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 9161

A brief plea for an ambulance system for the army of the United States, as drawn from the extra sufferings of the late Lieut. Bowditch and a wounded comrade.

Boston, MA: Ticknor & Fields, 1863.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE
  • 9162

Chasing dirt: The American pursuit of cleanliness.

New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

"Americans in the early 19th century were, as one foreign traveller bluntly put it, "filthy, bordering on the beastly"--perfectly at home in dirty, bug-infested, malodorous surroundings. Many a home swarmed with flies, barnyard animals, dust, and dirt; clothes were seldom washed; men hardly ever shaved or bathed. Yet gradually all this changed, and today, Americans are known worldwide for their obsession with cleanliness--for their sophisticated plumbing, daily bathing, shiny hair and teeth, and spotless clothes. In Chasing Dirt, Suellen Hoy provides a colorful history of this remarkable transformation from "dreadfully dirty" to "cleaner than clean," ranging from the pre-Civil War era to the 1950s, when American's obsession with cleanliness reached its peak" (publisher).

Subjects: Hygiene › History of Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 9163

Invention of the modern hospital: Boston, 1870-1930.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Massachusetts
  • 9164

The hospital in history. Edited by Lindsay Granshaw and Roy Porter.

London: Routledge, 1989.

Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals
  • 9165

The seaman's medical friend, a companion to the government medicine chest, intended for use in ships not carrying surgeons. Containing directions for the preservation of health and the cure of diseases, wounds, fractures, dislocations, and other accidents likely to occur at sea. Comprising also the Admiralty scale of medicines. Second edition.

Liverpool: W. Fernall & Co., 1857.

"The present edition of The Seaman's Medical Friend is a new book rather than a mere revision of an old one; since the whole of that portion which relates to the Preservation of health, and the symptoms and treatment of diseases and injuries, has been entirely rewritten. The part on medicines, their doses, &c., has been printed but with a few alterations from the former edition. In the description of the nature and cure of Diseases and Accidents, I have avoided, as far as possible, the use of technical terms, and I believe, therefore, that the whole will be found intelligible to all its readers.

"It will be obvious that a complete treatise on all diseases is not demanded here, but simply an account of those likely to arise among sailors; with directions for such treatment as the remedies and assistance at hand render possible—and it is hoped that in this respect the present work will be found to justify its name of The Seaman's Medical Friend" (Preface). Digital facsimile of the 1857 second edition from Google Books at this link.

When I created this entry in February 2017 no record of the first edition was available in OCLC.

Subjects: Emergency Medicine, Household or Self-Help Medicine, Maritime Medicine, Survival Medicine
  • 9166

The scale of medicines with which merchant vessels are to be furnished ... with observations on the means of preserving the health and increasing the comforts of merchant seamen.

London: Orr, 1851.

Digital facsimile of the second edition (1861) from Google Books at this link.

  • 9167

The zoology of the voyage of the H.M.S. Sulphur, under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher during the years 1836-42. Edited and superintended by Richard Brinsley Hinds. Vol. 1: Mammalia by J.E. Gray; Birds by J. Gould; Fish by J. Richardson. Vol. 2.: Mollusca by R. B. Hinds.

London: Smith, Elder, 18431844.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Subjects: VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology, ZOOLOGY › Malacology, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9168

The regions of vegetation; being an analysis of the distribution of vegetable forms over the surface of the globe in connexion with climate and physical agents.

London: Printed by G. J. Palmer, 1843.

Digital facsimile of the copy presented by Hinds to Charles Darwin, with Darwin's annotations, from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link. This work also appeared as a section of Edward Belcher's Narrative of a voyage round the world performed in Her Majesty's Ship Sulphur....2 vols. (London, 1843). Digital facsimile of Belcher's work from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY, Biogeography, Biogeography › Phytogeography, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 9169

The botany of the voyage of H.M.S. Sulphur under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher....Edited and superintended by Richard Brinsley Hinds. The botanical descriptions by George Bentham.

London: Smith, Elder, 1844.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 9170

Elephantographia curiosa, seu elephanti descriptio.

Erfurt: Impensis authors. Typis Joh. Henrici Grosch, 1715.

The first monograph on the elephant, including 28 plates. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy
  • 9171

Flora hongkonensis: A description of the flowering plants and ferns of the island of Hongkong.

London: Lowell Reeve, 1861.

The first comprehensive work on any part of the flora of China and Hong Kong. It included the first published description of Hong Kong Croton, or Croton hancei. 

Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of
  • 9172

Flora Australiensis: A description of the plants of the Australian territory by George Bentham, assisted by Ferdinand Mueller. 7 vols.

London: Lowell Reeve, 18631878.

The first comprehensive flora of any large continental area. It included descriptions of 8125 species. "Bentham prepared the flora from Kew; with Mueller, the first plant taxonomist residing permanently in Australia, loaning the entire collection of the National Herbarium of Victoria to Bentham over the course of several years. Mueller had been dissuaded from preparing a flora from Australia while in Australia by Bentham and Joseph Dalton Hooker since historic collections of Australian species were all held in European herbaria which Mueller could not access from Australia.[2] Mueller did eventually produce his own flora of Australia, the Systematic Census of Australian Plants published in 1882 extended the work of Bentham with the addition of new species and taxonomic revisions.

Flora Australiensis was the standard reference work on the Australian flora for more than a century. As late as 1988, James Willis wrote that "Flora Australiensis still remains the only definitive work on the vascular vegetation of the whole continent."[3] According to Nancy Burbidge, "it represents a prodigious intellectual effort never equalled."[4]" (Wikipedia article on Flora Austaliensis, accessed 02-2017).

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY, Biogeography, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia
  • 9173

Genera plantarum: Ad exemplaria imprimis in Herberiis Kewensibus servata definita; auctoribus G. Bentham et J.D. Hooker. 3 vols. in 9 parts.

London: A. Black, Hookerian Herbarium, Kew et al, 18621883.

First publication of the Bentham & Hooker taxonomic system for seed plants published before there were internationally accepted rules for botanical nomenclature. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Archive at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Classification / Systemization of Plants
  • 9174

Tropical nature and other essays.

London: Macmillan, 1878.

"Wallace's extensive work in biogeography made him aware of the impact of human activities on the natural world. In Tropical Nature and Other Essays (1878), he warned about the dangers of deforestation and soil erosion, especially in tropical climates prone to heavy rainfall. Noting the complex interactions between vegetation and climate, he warned that the extensive clearing of rainforest for coffee cultivation in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and India would adversely impact the climate in those countries and lead to their eventual impoverishment due to soil erosion.[127] In Island Life, Wallace again mentioned deforestation and also the impact of invasive species. On the impact of European colonisation on the island of Saint Helena, he wrote:

... yet the general aspect of the island is now so barren and forbidding that some persons find it difficult to believe that it was once all green and fertile. The cause of this change is, however, very easily explained. The rich soil formed by decomposed volcanic rock and vegetable deposits could only be retained on the steep slopes so long as it was protected by the vegetation to which it in great part owed its origin. When this was destroyed, the heavy tropical rains soon washed away the soil, and has left a vast expanse of bare rock or sterile clay. This irreparable destruction was caused, in the first place, by goats, which were introduced by the Portuguese in 1513, and increased so rapidly that in 1588 they existed in the thousands. These animals are the greatest of all foes to trees, because they eat off the young seedlings, and thus prevent the natural restoration of the forest. They were, however, aided by the reckless waste of man. The East India Company took possession of the island in 1651, and about the year 1700 it began to be seen that the forests were fast diminishing, and required some protection. Two of the native trees, redwood and ebony, were good for tanning, and, to save trouble, the bark was wastefully stripped from the trunks only, the remainder being left to rot; while in 1709 a large quantity of the rapidly disappearing ebony was used to burn lime for building fortifications![128]" (Wikipedia article on Alfred Russel Wallace, accessed 02-2017).

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.


Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, Biogeography, Biogeography › Phytogeography, Biogeography › Zoogeography, EVOLUTION
  • 9175

Molecular cloning of poliovirus cDNA and determination of the complete nucleotide sequence of the viral genome.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 78 (8) 4887-4891., 1981.

The poliovirus genome. Digital facsimile from PNAS through PubMedCentral at this link.

Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Genomics, VIROLOGY › Molecular Virology, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 9176

Primary structure, gene organization and polypeptide expression of poliovirus RNA.

Nature, 291, 547-553, 1981.

The poliovirus genome. With around 10 co-authors. 

"The primary structure of the poliovirus genome has been determined. The RNA molecule is 7,433 nucleotides long, polyadenylated at the 3′ terminus, and covalently linked to a small protein (VPg) at the 5′ terminus. An open reading frame of 2,207 consecutive triplets spans over 89% of the nucleotide sequence and codes for the viral polyprotein NCVPOO. Twelve viral polypeptides have been mapped by amino acid sequence analysis and were found to be proteolytic cleavage products of the polyprotein, cleavages occurring predominantly at Gln-Gly pairs" (Abstract).


  • 9177

Anatomy for artists.

New York: American Artists Group, 1945.

By the famous American social realist artist.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 20th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomy for Artists, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 9178

On the general geographical distribution of the members of the class Aves.

J. Proc. Linn. Soc., 2, 130-145., 1858.

Sclater defined and named six zoological regions: the PalaearcticAethiopianIndianAustralasianNearctic and Neotropical. With some name revision (Afrotropic for Aethiopian, and Indomalayan for Indian,) these zoogeographic regions are still in use. Digital facsimile from the Linnean Society at this link.

Subjects: Biogeography, Biogeography › Zoogeography
  • 9179

The geographical distribution of cold-blooded vertebrates.

Q. Rev. Biol., 23, 1-28, 105-23., 1948.

"Darlington's most important contribution to science was his theory of the Old World tropical origin of dominant vertebrate groups. He first sketched out this formulation—which would influence research in zoogeography for a generation—in The Quarterly Review of Biology of 1948, then presented it in full dress in his 1957 text, Zoogeography: The Geographical Distribution of Animals." (E. O.Wilson)

Subjects: Biogeography › Zoogeography
  • 9180

The world of life: A manifestation of creative power, directive mind and ultimate purpose.

London: G. Bell & Sons, 1911.

"Wallace's comments on environment grew more strident later in his career. In The World of Life (1913) he wrote:

"These considerations should lead us to look upon all the works of nature, animate or inanimate, as invested with a certain sanctity, to be used by us but not abused, and never to be recklessly destroyed or defaced. To pollute a spring or a river, to exterminate a bird or beast, should be treated as moral offences and as social crimes; ... Yet during the past century, which has seen those great advances in the knowledge of Nature of which we are so proud, there has been no corresponding development of a love or reverence for her works; so that never before has there been such widespread ravage of the earth's surface by destruction of native vegetation and with it of much animal life, and such wholesale defacement of the earth by mineral workings and by pouring into our streams and rivers the refuse of manufactories and of cities; and this has been done by all the greatest nations claiming the first place for civilisation and religion![129] "(Wikipedia article on Alfred Russel Wallace, accessed 02-2017).

Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 9181

Is Mars habitable?

London: Macmillan, 1907.

"His treatment of Mars in this book [Man's Place in the Universe] was brief, and in 1907, Wallace returned to the subject with a book Is Mars Habitable? to criticise the claims made by Percival Lowell that there were Martian canals built by intelligent beings. Wallace did months of research, consulted various experts, and produced his own scientific analysis of the Martian climate and atmospheric conditions.[130] Among other things, Wallace pointed out that spectroscopic analysis had shown no signs of water vapour in the Martian atmosphere, that Lowell's analysis of Mars's climate was seriously flawed and badly overestimated the surface temperature, and that low atmospheric pressure would make liquid water, let alone a planet-girding irrigation system, impossible.[131] Richard Milner comments: "It was the brilliant and eccentric evolutionist Alfred Russel Wallace ... who effectively debunked Lowell's illusionary network of Martian canals."[132]Wallace originally became interested in the topic because his anthropocentric philosophy inclined him to believe that man would likely be unique in the universe[133] (Wikpedia article on Alfred Russel Wallace, accessed 02-2017).

Subjects: BIOLOGY › Astrobiology / Exobiology / Abiogenesis
  • 9182

The north-west Amazons: Notes of some months spent among cannibal tribes.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1915.

"This 1915 volume recounts Captain Thomas Whiffen’s travels in Brazil and Colombia in the region between the rivers Issa (or Içá) and Apaporis, and the Putumayo District. The study looks at the way in which the indigenous peoples, especially the Boro and Witoto, relate to their land. He describes their way of life, including their homes, agriculture, food, weaponry, warfare, clothing, health and medicine, songs and dances, magic and religion, tribal organization, the social status of women, and their reaction to strangers. The practice of cannibalism is also addressed and Whiffen suggests some possible reasons for it, including vengeance and supreme insult to enemies, the need to consume all available meat, and the desire to adopt some characteristics of the dead. Appendixes include detailed lists of the Native Americans’ physical features, deities, vocabulary, and names, and an example of tribal poetry" (Publisher). Digital facsimile of the New York, 1915 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Colombia, Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientsts
  • 9183

Libellus de lapidibus preciosis nuper editus.

Vienna: per Hieronymum Vietorem Philouallem, 1511.

The earliest medieval lapidary, and also the one which was quoted most widely. By the fourteenth century it was translated into French, Provençal, Italian, Irish, and Danish, and it was the first of Marbodius's works to be printed. Marbodus, Bishop of Rennes, wrote his lapidary in 734 Latin hexameters between the years 1061 and 1081. The poem described 60 stones, including their magical and medical properties. 14 printed editions appeared between 1511 and 1741. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , Magic & Superstition in Medicine, Minerals and Medicine
  • 9184

Tiergeographie des Meeres.

Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, 1935.

An analysis of all pertinent literature on marine animal distribution. Second edition published as English translation: Zoogeography of the sea (London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1953).

Subjects: Biogeography › Zoogeography
  • 9185

Variation and evolution in plants.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1950.

The first comprehensive exposition of the relationship between genetics and natural selection in plants, and the most imporant book on plant evolution published during the 20th century.  Stebbins combined genetics and natural selection to describe plant speciation. His work was one of the main publications that formed the core of the modern evolutionary synthesis and still provides the conceptual framework for research in plant evolutionary biology.

"According to Ernst Mayr, 'Few later works dealing with the evolutionary systematics of plants have not been very deeply affected by Stebbins' work"[2]....

"The 643-page book cites more than 1,250 references and was the longest of the four books associated with the modern evolutionary synthesis. The other key works of the modern evolutionary synthesis, whose publication also followed their authors' Jesup lectures, are Theodosius Dobzhansky's Genetics and the Origin of SpeciesErnst Mayr's Systematics and the Origin of Species and George Gaylord Simpson's Tempo and Mode in Evolution. The great significance of Variation and Evolution in Plants is that it effectively killed any serious belief in alternative mechanisms of evolution for plants, such as Lamarckian evolution or soft inheritance, which were still upheld by some botanists.[2] Stebbins book Flowering Plants: Evolution Above the Species Level was published in 1974 and was based on the Prather Lectures which he gave at Harvard. It is considered as an update to Variation and Evolution." (Wikipedia article on Variation and Evolution in Plants, accessed 02-2017).


  • 9186

Plant biomechanics: An engineering approach to plant form and function.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

The first comprehensive treatment of plant biomechanics. "Niklas analyzes plant form and provides a far deeper understanding of how form is a response to basic physical laws. He examines the ways in which these laws constrain the organic expression of form, size, and growth in a variety of plant structures, and in plants as whole organisms, and he draws on the fossil record as well as on studies of extant species to present a genuinely evolutionary view of the response of plants to abiotic as well as biotic constraints" (Publisher).

Subjects: BOTANY, Biomechanics
  • 9187

Plant allometry: The scaling of form and process.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

The first book to apply allometry— one definition of which is the study of the growth rate of an organism's parts in relation to the whole — to studies of the evolution, morphology, physiology, and reproduction of plants.

  • 9188

The structure of evolutionary theory.

Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2002.

A "technical book on macroevolution and the historical development of evolutionary theory.[1] The book was twenty years in the making,[2]published just two months before Gould's death.[3] Aimed primarily at professionals,[4] the volume is divided into two parts. The first is a historical study of classical evolutionary thought, drawing extensively upon primary documents; the second is a constructive critique of the modern evolutionary synthesis, and presents a case for an interpretation of biological evolution based largely on hierarchical selection, and the theory of punctuated equilibrium (developed by Niles Eldredge and Gould in 1972).[5]" (Wikipedia article on The Structure of Evolutionary Theory, accessed 03-2017).


Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION, EVOLUTION › History of Evolutionary Thought
  • 9189

Disease and society in provincial Massachusetts: Collected accounts, 1736-1939.

New York: Arno Press, 1972.

Includes Caulfield's "A history of the terrible epidemic, vulgarly called the throat distemper, as it occurred in His Majesty's New England colonies between 1735 and 1740," Yale J Biol Med. 11 (1939) 219–272. available from PubMedCentral at this link.



  • 9190

Memoire sur les cors des pieds.

Paris: Henri-Simon-Pierre Gissey , 1755.

The first publication on podiatry, a pamphlet of 19, [1] pp. informally issued by Rousselot to promote his practice. Because of the non-standard title page without mention of place, publisher or date, the pamphlet seems to have been intended to have been given away by the author. The date of publication was assigned by the BnF from the Permission de police at this link. Incidentally, the first name of the author remains unknown. (Thanks to Alexandre Piffault for this reference.)

Subjects: Podiatry
  • 9191

Phage and the origins of molecular biology. Edited by John Cairns, G. Stent, and J. D. Watson.

Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1966.

Expanded edition, 1992. 40th anniversary edition, 2007.

Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › History of Molecular Biology
  • 9192

The emergence of life on earth. An historical and scientific overview.

New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2000.

Subjects: BIOLOGY › Astrobiology / Exobiology / Abiogenesis › History of Astrobiology / Exobiology / Abiogenesis
  • 9193

The birth of the cell.

New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.

Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › History of Biology
  • 9194

The evolution wars: A guide to the debates.

Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2000.

Subjects: EVOLUTION › History of Evolutionary Thought
  • 9195

Radium and the secret of life.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2015.

Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › History of Genetics / Heredity
  • 9196

Biology, computing and the history of molecular sequencing: From proteins to DNA, 1945-2000.

New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › History of Molecular Biology, COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology › History of Computing / Mathematics in Medicine & Biology
  • 9197

Zoological illustrations, or, original figures and descriptions of new, rare, or interesting animals, selected chiefly from the classes of ornithology, entomology, and conchology, and arranged on the principles of Cuvier and other modern zoologists. 3 vols.

London: Printed by R. and A. Taylor for Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy...., 18201823.

"Apart from the common and scientific names of many species, it is for the quality of his illustrations that he [Swainson] is best remembered. His friend William Elford Leach, head of zoology at the British Museum, encouraged him to experiment with lithography for his book Zoological Illustrations (1820–23). Swainson became the first illustrator and naturalist to use lithography, which was a relatively cheap means of reproduction and did not require an engraver. He began publishing many illustrated works, mostly serially. Subscribers received and paid for fascicles, small sections of the books, as they came out, so that the cash flow was constant and could be reinvested in the preparation of subsequent parts. As book orders arrived, the monochrome lithographs were hand-coloured, according to colour reference images, known as ‘pattern plates’, which were produced by Swainson himself. It was his early adoption of this new technology and his natural skill of illustration that in large part led to his fame.[8]" (Wikipedia article on William John Swainson, accessed 03-2017).

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.


Subjects: NATURAL HISTORY, NATURAL HISTORY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology, ZOOLOGY › Malacology, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9198

Dissertatio epistolaris . . . de observationibus nuperis circa curationem variolarum confluentium nec non de affectione hysterica.

London: M.C. for Walter Kettilby, 1682.

"Sydenham so precisely describes the symptoms of hysteria that even today little can be added to what he said. He maintained that is was the most common chronic disease, and he recognized that in spite of the fact that hysteria refers to the uterus (Greek, hysteron, uterus), males suffer form this disease also... Sydenham recognized for the first time that hysterical symptoms may simulate almost all forms of organic diseases" (Alexander & Selesnick, History of psychiatry, pp. 94-95).

  • 9199

The Royal Naval Medical Service. Vol. 1. Administration. Vol. 2. Operations. History of the Second World War. United Kingdom medical series.

London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 19541956.